Arms shipments from Czechoslovakia to Israel 1947-1949

Arms shipments from Czechoslovakia to Israel 1947-1949

Between June 1947 and October 31, 1949 the Jewish agency (later to become the Israeli government) seeking weapons for Operation Balak, made several purchases of weapons in Czechoslovakia, some of them of former German army weapons, captured by the Czechoslovak army on its national territory, or newly produced German weapons from Czechoslovakia's post-war production.The Czechoslovak partner in this deal was the department of Ministry of National Defense called "Secretariat D", under command of general J. Heřman.

One of the first large contracts was signed on January 14, 1948, and included 200 MG 34 machine guns, 4,500 P 18 rifles and 50,400,000 rounds of ammunition. The deliveries from Czechoslovakia proved important for the defense of Israeli independence.

Total deliveries

(confirmed until October 1948)

Infantry weapons

*34,500 P 18 rifles
*5,515 MG 34 machine guns with 10,000 ammo belts
*10,000 bayonets vz.24
*900 vz. 37 heavy machine guns
*500 vz. 27 pistols

Other infantry weapons

*12 ZK-383 submachine guns
*10 ZK 420 semi-automatic rifles
*500 vz. 26 light machine guns (shipped, yet delivery not confirmed in Czech sources)


*91,500,000 7,92 x 57 mm cartridges
*15,000,000 9mm Parabellum cartridges
*375,000 13mm cartridges for MG 131
*150,000 20mm cartridges for MG 151
*375,000 cartridges 7,65mm for vz. 27 pistol


*25 Avia S-199 fighters
*61 Supermarine Spitfire Mk. IX fighters

Some of the aircraft were lost en route to Israel. The delivery of aircraft began on May 20 1948, and was conducted from the Czechoslovak airfield near the town of Žatec, which in the Czechoslovak army was known under codename Akce Žatec (Operation Žatec).

Some of the deliveries were not finished until after cessation of hostilities. Only eighteen Spitfires reached Israel prior to end of war by direct flight from Czechoslovakia (operations Velveta 1 in September (6 planes) and Velveta 2 in December 1948 (12 planes), both operations with a refueling stop in Yugoslavia.During operation Velveta 2 Spitfires were repainted in Yugoslav Air Force markings for the flight from Kunovice to Nikšić [ [ 101st Israeli Fighter Squadron History] ] .The rest were shipped in crates, officially declared as scrap iron, along with 12 Merlin 66 engines, and deliveries lasted until the end of April 1950.

Other defense cooperation

Czechoslovakia also trained 81 pilots and 69 ground crew specialists, some of them later forming the first fighter unit of the Israeli Air Force, and on the soil of Czechoslovakia a group of Jewish volunteers the size of approximately a brigade (about 1,300 men and women) were also trained, from August 20 1948 until November 4 1948 [ [ cs iconCzech army page] ] . The Czechoslovak codename of the training was DI (an abbreviation from "Důvěrné Israel", literally meaning "Classified, Israel"). The Czechoslovakian trained ground forces didn't take part in the 1948 war.

The end of cooperation

With the rising power of communists in Czechoslovakia, as well as the changing views of the Communist Party and the decline of Stalin's support for state of Israel, the Czechoslovak government was forced to end its weapons sales to Israel.



*Jan Skramoušský: Zbraně pro Izrael, Střelecký magazín 11/2005

External links

* [ 101st Israeli Fighter Squadron History]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foreign relations of Israel — Israel This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Israel Basic Laws Jerusalem Law …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet Union and the Arab–Israeli conflict — The Soviet Union played a significant role in the Arab Israeli conflict as the conflict was a major part of the Cold War. For related developments after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, see Russia and the Arab Israeli conflict .Marxism… …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Balak — One of the airplane types used for Mivtza Balak Operation Balak was a smuggling operation, during the founding of Israel in 1948, that purchased arms in Europe to avoid various embargoes and boycotts transferring them to the Zionists.[1] Of… …   Wikipedia

  • Советский союз и арабо-израильский конфликт — Советский Союз сыграл значительную роль в арабо израильском конфликте, начиная с поддержки создания Израиля и в Арабо израильской войне 1947 1949 гг., последующей смены позиции, вплоть до окончательного разрыва дипломатических отношений со… …   Википедия

  • Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 …   Universalium

  • 1948 Arab–Israeli War — 1948 Arab Israeli War Part of 1948 Palestine war Ca …   Wikipedia

  • Military Affairs — ▪ 2009 Introduction        Russia and Georgia fought a short, intense war in 2008, fueling global fears of a new Cold War. On August 7 Georgia launched an aerial bombardment and ground attacks against its breakaway province of South Ossetia.… …   Universalium

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

  • HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”