Western Railway (India)

Western Railway (India)

The Western Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railway networks in India. Major railway lines of which Indian Railways which come under Western Railways are: Ratlam - Mumbai Central, Ahmedabad - Vadodara and Palanpur - Ahmedabad.


The Western Railway was created on November 5 1951 by the merger of several state-owned railways, including the Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (BB&CI), and the Saurashtra, Rajputana and Jaipur railways. The BB&CI Railway was itself inaugurated in 1855, starting with the construction of a 29 mile (47 km) broad gauge track from Ankleshwar to Utran in Gujarat state on the west coast. In 1864, the railway was extended to Mumbai.

Subsequently, the project was further extended beyond Vadodara in a north easterly direction towards Godhra, Ratlam, Nagda and thereafter northwards towards Mathura, to eventually link with the Great Indian Peninsular Railway, now the Central Railway, which had already started operating in Mumbai in 1853. In 1883, a metre gauge railway system, initially linking Delhi with Agra, Jaipur and Ajmer, was established.

The first suburban service in Mumbai with steam traction was introduced in April 1867. It was extended to Churchgate in 1870. By 1900 45 trains in each direction were carrying over one million passengers annually.

The railways of several princely states were also integrated into the Western Railway. The Gaekwars of Baroda built the Gaekwar's Baroda State Railway (GBSR), which was merged into the BB&CI in 1949. Several railways of western Gujarat, including the Bhavnagar, Kathiawar, Jamnagar & Dwarka, Gondal, and Morvi railways were merged into the Saurashtra Railway in 1948. The Jodhpur and Bikaner Railway was taken over by Rajasthan state in 1949, after the western portion was ceded to the government of Pakistan.

In 2002 the Jaipur and Ajmer divisions of the Western Railway became part of the newly-created North Western Railway, and in April 2003 the Kota division of the Western Railway became part of the newly-created West Central Railway.

erial Blasts

On July 11, 2006 the Western Railway was a target of terrorist attacks. Seven explosions occurred during rush hour (6-7pm) killing 190 and injuring more than 300 people. The blasts occurred at various stations including Bhayandar, Khar, Matunga, Mahim, Jogeshwari and Borivali. Only the first-class compartments of the trains were targeted.


Western Railway serves the entire state of Gujarat, the eastern portion of Rajasthan, some portions of Western Madhya Pradesh, and coastal Maharashtra. The Western coast of India served by Western Railway has a number of ports, most important among them being Kandla, Okha, Porbandar, Bhavnagar in Gujarat state and Mumbai in Maharashtra.

The suburban section of Western Railway in Mumbai extends from Churchgate, the city's business and residential centre, to Dahanu Road covering a distance of 120 km and 38 stations. The first electric train on this section was introduced in 1928 between Churchgate and Borivali.

The gauge-wise kilometrage of Western Railways at present, is as under:

It is the most electrified railroad system in the Indian Railways making it the most important railroad system in India.

The Western Railway has its headquarters at Churchgate in Mumbai. It also operates the Western Line of the Mumbai suburban railway system. The railway system is divided into six operating divisions: Bhavnagar, Mumbai, Ratlam, Rajkot, Vadodara, and Ahmedabad.

External links

* [http://www.wr.indianrail.gov.in/ Official site]
* [http://mumbai.maps.googlepages.com High Resolution Satellite Images of Mumbai's suburban Western Railway]

* [http://www.mumbai77.com/City_Info_Guide/Western_TimeTable.html WESTERN Railway local Train Timetable]

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