- Angela Hitler
name = Angela Hitler
birth_name = Angela Franziska Johanna Hammitzsch
birth_date = birth date|1883|07|28
birth_place = Braunau,
death_date = death date and age|1949|10|30|1883|07|28
spouse = Leo Raubal, Sr.
Prof. Martin Hammitzsch
children = Leo Raubal Jr
Alois Hitler, Franziska Matzelberger
Angela Franziska Johanna Hammitzsch (nee Hitler
28 July 1883– 30 October 1949), first married to Leo Raubal, Sr., was the elder half-sister of Adolf Hitler.
Angela Hitler was born in Braunau,
Austria, the second child of Alois Hitlerand his second wife, Franziska Matzelberger. Her mother died the next year. She and her brother Alois Hitler, Jr.were raised by their father and his third wife Klara Pölzl. Her half-brother Adolf Hitler was born six years after her and they grew very close. She is the only one of his siblings mentioned in " Mein Kampf".
Angela's father died in 1903 and her stepmother died in 1907, leaving a small inheritance. By this time she had married Leo Raubal, a junior tax inspector, and in 1906 had given birth to a son (also named Leo). In 1908 Angela gave birth to Geli and in 1910 to a second daughter, Elfriede.
Angela's husband Leo Raubal died on
August 10 1910. According to an OSS profile of the Hitler family, Angela moved to Viennaand after World War Ibecame manager of Mensa Academia Judaica, a boarding house for Jewishstudents where she once defended her charges against anti-Semiticrioters.
Angela had heard nothing from Adolf for a decade when he re-established contact with her in 1919. In 1928 she and Geli moved to
Obersalzbergwhere she became his housekeeper and was later put in charge of the household at Hitler's expanded retreat in Berchtesgaden.
Some historians believe that
Adolf Hitlerhad a relationship with Angela's daughter Geli who committed suicide in 1931. Meanwhile Angela strongly disapproved of Hitler's relationship with Eva Braun. (While some report she tried to warn Eva Braunof the dangers of getting involved with AdolfFact|date=May 2008, her motives for this are not clear.) She eventually left Berchtesgadenas a result and moved to Dresden. Adolf Hitlerbroke off relations with Angela and did not attend her wedding to Prof. Martin Hammitzsch. It seems, however, that he re-established contact with her during the war, because Angela remained his intermediary to the rest of the family with whom he did not want contact. In 1941, she sold her memoirs of her years with Adolf Hitlerto the Eher Verlag, which brought her 20,000 Reichsmark.
In spring 1945—after the destruction of
Dresdenin the massive bomb attack of February 13/14—Hitler moved Angela to Berchtesgadento avoid her being captured by the Russians. Also he let her and her younger sister Paula hand over 100,000 Reichsmarkfor further life. In Hitler's Last Will and Testament, he guaranteed Angela a pension of 1,000 Reichsmarkmonthly. It is quite uncertain if she ever received a penny of this amount. Nevertheless, she spoke very highly of him even after the war and claimed that neither her brother nor she herself had known anything about what was going on in the concentration camps. She declared that if Adolf had known about these things, he would have stopped themFact|date=May 2008.
In the French 1982 comedy "
L'as des as", Angela Hitler is portrayed as the caretaker of Hitler's Obersalzbergresidence. For humor, she is (indirectly) featured as his actual sister (both are played by the same actor, Günter Meisner).
* "De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889-1907 en zijn familie en voorouders" by Marc Vermeeren. Soesterberg, 2007, 420 blz. Uitgeverij Aspekt, ISBN 90-5911-606-2
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