Narrowcast

Narrowcast

A narrowcast is the transmission of data to a specific list of recipients. Cable television is an example of broadcast model in which the signals are transmitted everywhere and anyone with an antenna can receive them.

The Internet uses both a broadcast and a narrowcast model. Most Web sites are on a broadcast model since anyone with Internet access can view the sites. However, sites that require one to log-in before viewing content are based more on the narrowcast model. Push technologies which send information to subscribers are another form for narrowcasting. Perhaps the best example of narrowcasting are electronic mailing lists where messages are sent only to individuals who subscribe to the list.

The terms multicast and narrowcast are often used interchangeably, although narrowcast usually refers to the business model whereas multicast refers to the actual technology used to transmit the data.

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Since 1985, cable programmes have been protected by copyright law. "Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988" defines a cable programme to mean "any item included in a cable programme service which exists wholly or mainly in sending visual images, sounds, or other information by means of a telecommunication system, otherwise than by wireless telegraphy, for reception either (a) at two or more places (not necessarily simultaneously) or (b) for presentation to members of the public".

In addition to familiar cable television services, a cable programme service might include a non-interactive online database service. ["Dun & Bradstreet v. Typesetting Facilities" [1992] ] It thus excludes interactive systems like teleshopping or internal business services, individual domestic services, services on single-occupier premises otherwise than by way of business amenity, Intranets, "et al".

Commercial application

Narrowcasting is particularly useful as a commercial advertising tool. Pre-recorded television programmes are often broadcast to captive audiences in taxi cabs, buses, elevators and queues (such as at branches of the Post Office in the United Kingdom). The theory being that, by identifying particular demographics viewing such programmes, advertisers can better target their markets.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • narrowcast — [nar′ōkast΄, ner′ōkast΄] vt., vi. narrowcast, narrowcasting to transmit, esp. by cable television, to a specialized or selected audience n. 1. the act of narrowcasting 2. a program that is narrowcast …   English World dictionary

  • narrowcast — UK [ˈnærəʊˌkɑːst] / US [ˈneroʊˌkæst] verb [intransitive/transitive] Word forms narrowcast : present tense I/you/we/they narrowcast he/she/it narrowcasts present participle narrowcasting past tense narrowcast or narrowcasted past participle… …   English dictionary

  • narrowcast — /nar oh kast , kahst /, v.i., narrowcast or narrowcasted, narrowcasting. Radio and Television. to aim a program or programming at a specific, limited audience or sales market. [1770 80, for an earlier sense; narrow (broad)cast] * * * …   Universalium

  • narrowcast — verb (past and past participle narrowcast or narrowcasted) transmit a television programme, especially by cable, to a comparatively small or specialist audience. noun transmission of this type. Derivatives narrowcaster noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • narrowcast — /ˈnæroʊkast/ (say narohkahst) verb (t) (narrowcast or narrowcasted, narrowcasting) 1. to transmit (data) to a limited number of recipients as in cable television where only subscribers receivers can take the signal. –noun 2. an instance of… …  

  • narrowcast — 1. verb To transmit a programme to selected individuals or groups, especially via cable 2. noun A programme transmitted in this manner …   Wiktionary

  • narrowcast — n. network or program intended for specialized audience (opposite of broadcast) v. transmit a program to an intended or limited and specialized audience (opposite of broadcast) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • narrowcast — nar•row•cast [[t]ˈnær oʊˌkæst, ˌkɑst[/t]] v. i. cast cast•ed, cast•ing rtv sbz to aim a radio or TV program or programming at a specific, limited audience or consumer market • Etymology: 1950–55; narrow+(broad)cast …   From formal English to slang

  • Narrowcast — VP To distribute programming to a limited, well defined audience …   Audio and video glossary

  • narrowcast — ˈ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˌ ̷ ̷ intransitive verb Etymology: narrow (I) + cast (as in broadcast) : to aim a broadcast at a narrowly defined area or audience …   Useful english dictionary

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