Steak tartare

Steak tartare

Infobox Prepared Food
name = Steak Tartare

caption = Steak tartare with egg, capers and onions
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main_ingredient = raw beef or horse meat
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Steak tartare is a meat dish made from finely chopped or ground raw beef or horse meat. Tartare can also be made by thinly slicing a high grade of meat such as strip steak, marinating it in wine or other spirits and spicing it to taste, and then chilling it. It is often served with onions, capers and seasonings (the latter typically incorporating fresh ground pepper and Worcestershire sauce), and sometimes with a raw egg, and usually served on rye bread. The word is derived from the name Tartars or Tatars an ethnic people from Eastern Europe and part of Asia.


Perhaps the earliest American restaurant version of steak tartare is found at Luchow's, the famous German restaurant in Manhattan near Broadway at 110 East 14th Street. Founded by Guido August Lüchow in the 1882, the cited recipe is in the Lüchow’s cookbook (1952 edition). The Lüchow’s recipe (for four portions) was comparatively simple: 2lbs fillet of beef, 4 slices freshly buttered toast, 4 fresh raw eggs, 8 sardellen (anchovy fillets), and 2 tablespoons pickled capers. They would remove the fat from beef and grind the lean fine, arrange on toast, serve a raw egg yolk on top of each slice and garnish with anchovies and capers. The dish was purportedly put on the menu originally to help a well known patron lose weight.

Health concerns

Health concerns have reduced the popularity of this meat dish because of the danger of contamination by bacteria and parasites. The Mexican version of steak tartare typically marinates the meat in lime juice, in the manner of ceviche, which has the effect of disinfecting the meat to a certain extent.

The basis of the name is the legend that nomadic Tatar people of the Central Asian steppes did not have time to cook and thus placed meat underneath their horses' saddles.Fact|date=February 2007 The meat would be tenderised by the end of the journey.

Steak tartare is now regarded as a gourmet dish. It is especially popular in Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic (Tatarák) and Switzerland. In Belgium, it is known as filet américain or American fillet. It is eaten as a main course, typically accompanied with toast or french fries. The preparation of the meat is either done by the waiter, table-side, or by the customers themselves. A fresh green salad may also be served in the summer months to add a further freshness to the dish.

Filet américain is also sold by butchers as a sandwich dressing; it comes either "unprepared" (raw ground lean beef) or "prepared" (with eggs, seasonings, etc.). The latter is also popular in Belgium and the Netherlands.

A variant of steak tartare (called tartarmad) is also present in the Danish lunch where it is served on rugbrød with assorted toppings. In Germany there is a very popular variant using raw minced pork called Mett or Hackepeter, which is typically served on rye bread or rolls, with the onions and pepper, but without capers or egg.

Issue of Islamic and Jewish dietary law

Some argue that Islamic and Jewish dietary laws classify raw meat as haraam (forbidden) or treif (Yiddish: טרײף or treyf, derived from Hebrew: טְרֵפָה‎ trēfáh) (unfit), respectively; however, consensus holds that raw meat is not haraam or treif if properly drained of blood.Fact|date=September 2008 Raw-meat dishes are popular across the Muslim world; for instance, kibbeh nayyeh (كبة نية, "ArabDIN|kibbah nayyah") which incorporates raw lamb or beef with Bulgar wheat, olive oil and spices, is often considered to be the national dish of Lebanon and is also popular in Syria.

ee also

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External links

* [,1-0,steak_tartare,FF.html Many recipes for Steak Tartare]
* [ Your Premier Steak Discussion Forum]
* [ Steak at The Meatman]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Steak tartare — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Steak tartare con huevo, alcaparras y cebolla picada. El Steak tartare es un plato de carne de vaca que se elabora con carne picada cruda. Se suele servir con cebolla picada muy finamente, alcaparras y diversos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • steak tartare — ☆ steak tartare [tär tär′ ] n. 〚tartare, pseudo Fr for TARTAR: hence, steak in Tartar style〛 ground sirloin or tenderloin steak mixed with chopped onion, raw egg yolk, etc. and eaten uncooked * * * …   Universalium

  • steak tartare — ☆ steak tartare [tär tär′ ] n. [tartare, pseudo Fr for TARTAR: hence, steak in Tartar style] ground sirloin or tenderloin steak mixed with chopped onion, raw egg yolk, etc. and eaten uncooked …   English World dictionary

  • Steak tartare — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tartare. Steak tartare. Le steak tartare est un mets dont l ingrédient principal est la viande de bœuf ou de cheva …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Steak tartare — Beefsteak Tatar mit Eigelb, Kapern und Zwiebeln Tatar (englisch und französisch steak tartare, in Belgien filet américain) oder Schabefleisch ist Hackfleisch vom Rind, das aus hochwertigem, sehnenfreiem und fettarmem Muskelfleisch wie Filet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • steak tartare — steak tar tare n [U] [Date: 1900 2000; Origin: tartare from French, Tartar ] steak that is cut into very small pieces and eaten raw, usually with a raw egg …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • steak tartare — steak tar|tare [ ,steık tar tar ] noun uncount a food made from STEAK that is cut very small and eaten raw, mixed with raw egg and onions …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • steak tartare — steak′ tar•tare′ [[t]tɑrˈtɑr[/t]] n. coo ground beefsteak served uncooked, often mixed with a raw egg, onions, and seasonings and garnished with capers • Etymology: 1950–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • steak tartare — /steɪk taˈtɛə/ (say stayk tah tair), /taˈta/ (say tah tah) noun raw minced steak, served with raw egg, seasonings and spicy sauces. Also, steak tartar, tartar steak …  

  • steak tartare — noun Etymology: French tartare Tartar Date: 1911 highly seasoned ground beef eaten raw …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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