name = Maceió
settlement_type = Municipality
official_name = The Municipality of Maceió
nickname = "The Paradise of Waters"
motto = "Working With You"
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Pajuçara Beach in Maceió
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Maceió in the
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = flag|Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Northeast
leader_name = José Cícero Soares de Almeida (PP)
established_title = Founded
December 5, 1815
area_total_km2 = 511
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 922,458
population_density_km2 = 1.800
population_density_metro_km2 = 210.9
population_density_metro_sq_mi = 546.2
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
elevation_m = 7
blank_name = HDI (2000)
blank_info = 0.739 – medium
website = [http://www.maceio.al.gov.br Maceió, Alagoas]
Maceió ("Mah-say-oh") is the capital and the largest city of the
coastalstate Alagoas, Brazil.
The city is located between
Mundaú Lakeand the Atlantic Ocean. The city proper has a total population of 922,458 inhabitants (year 2006) living under a tropical climate with average temperature of 25°C (77°F). Around 1,180,000 people live in its Metropolitan Region of Maceió (year 2005). The city began in an old sugar mill and plantation complex around the 19th century. Its development started with the arrival of ships taking wood from Jaraguá bay. With the installation of the sugar mills, Maceió started to export sugar, then tobacco, coconut, leather, and some spices. Prosperity made it possible for the settlement to become a village on December 5, 1815. Thanks to its continued growth, Maceió became the capital of the AlagoasProvince on December 9, 1839.
Maceió is also a
port cityand due to its port development about 200 years ago it changed from a village into a city which would become the capital of Alagoas state in 1839.
Zumbi dos Palmares International Airportconnects Maceió with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights.
The city is home to the
Federal University of Alagoas.
source= [http://weather.uk.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:BRXX0143 MSN Weather]
Maceió has a typical
tropical climate, with warm to hot temperatures and high relative humidity all throughout the year. However, these conditions are relieved by a near absence of extreme temperatures and pleasant trade winds blowing from the ocean.January is the warmest month, with mean maxima of 32°C (89.6°F) and minima of 22°C (71.6°F) and more sun; July experiences the coolest temperatures, with mean maxima of 27°C (80.6°F) and minima of 17°C (62.6°F) and more rain.
Maceió has a
Tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (about 78 inches or 2 meters) and 1700 mm (about 67 inches). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients. There are several common characteristics of tropical rainforesttrees. Tropical rainforest species frequently possess one or more of the following attributes not commonly seen in trees of higher latitudes or trees in drier conditions on the same latitude.
One substantial local
industryis based on chemical productsfrom brine pumped from deep wells on the outskirts of Maceió. Another substantial industry is the fabrication of ethanol and sugar from sugarcane grown in the region. In the last thirty years the tourist industryhas transformed the coastal areas of the city into vibrant centers of entertainment for Brazilian and foreign tourists (Americans, Italians, French, Germans, Argentinians, etc).
These coastal neighborhoods include
coconut palm trees, playgrounds, squares, open-to-the-public football, volleyball, and basketball fields, residential buildings, bars, nightclubs, tourist-oriented shops, restaurants, banks, hotels, and gambling houses (slot machines and bingo only, since casino games are illegal in Brazil).
GDPfor the city was R$ 6,114,507,000 (2005); [cite book|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf|title=GDP|publisher= IBGE|location=Maceió, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese] The per capita incomefor the city was R$ 6,768 (2005). [cite book|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf|title=per capita income|publisher= IBGE|location=Maceió, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
Universidade Federal de Alagoas(UFAL);
* [http://www.uneal.edu.br Universidade Estadual de Alagoas] (Uneal);
* [http://www.uncisal.edu.br Universidade de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas] (Uncisal);
* [http://www.fejal.com.br Centro de Ensino Superior de Maceió] (CESMAC);
* [http://www.fal.br Faculdade de Alagoas] (FAL);
* [http://www.cefet-al.br CEFET-AL]
* and many others.
Primary and secondary schools
schoolsof the city are Contato, Colégio Santíssimo Sacramento, Inei, Colégio Santa Úrsula, Colégio Anchieta, Colégio Marista de Maceió, Colégio Santa Madalena Sofia, Colégio Pontual, Cefet, Colégio Santa Rosa and Colégio Monteiro Lobato, and others.
American jazz and rock and almost all Brazilian styles and dances all over the city in bars, pubs, restaurants, nightclubs, street festivals, concerts, private gatherings, and churches all the year round. Some classical music in concerts in the University, in the theater, and museums.
Movie theatersin the Iguatemi and Farol malls in Maceió city.
Theatreand Gustavo Leite Theatre in Maceió city.
Museum(folk and primitive arts), Museum of the Historical and Geografical Institute of Alagoas(fine arts and historical objects), Pierre Chalita Museum (fine arts), Museum of Image and Music (photographic, cinematographic, and sound exhibitions and archives), Museum of sport.
Folk artin the Théo Brandão Museum, and in outdoor markets at Pajuçara Beach and Pontal da Barra where one can buy works by local folk artists.
Festa Junina (Saint John Festival)
Festa Juninawas introduced to Northeastern Brazilby the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as MidsummerDay in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Differently, of course, from what happens on the European MidsummerDay, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solsticebut during the tropical winter solstice. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets (step names are in French, which shows the mutual influences between court life and peasant culture in the 17th, 18th, and 19th-century Europe). Once exclusively a rural festivity, today, in Brazil, it is largely a city festival during which people joyfully and theatrically mimic peasant stereotypes and clichés in a spirit of joke and good time. Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costumes-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, heavy drinking, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing). Like what happens on Midsummerand St John's Day in Europe, bonfiresare a central part of these festivities in Brazil.
The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is
carnivaltime in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their cares as they party in the streets.
This is a typical Alagoas revelry that resulted from the union of Reisado (an Epiphany celebration), Auto dos Caboclinhos (Caboclinhos’ Play), Chegança (public folk play depicting a naval battle) and Pastoril (outdoor folk play). Its captivating choreography and costumes with colored ribbons and beads reproduce the
cathedral’s façades on the monumentalhats covered with mirrors.
This is a
dramatic dancemotivated by the sea. It tells the sea adventures of the first navigators in its songs accompanied by guitarand ukulele.
Boi do Carnaval is a popular
culturedisplay derived from Bumba-Meu-Boi. It is always presented together with La Ursa (The Bear), Vaqueiro ( Cowboy) and a percussion band whose rhythm captivates everyone that hears it.
Gogó da Ema
Gogó da Ema was a famous
palm treewith a crooked trunk roughly shaped like a curvilinear letter "N". The tree fell on July 27th, 1955 at 2:20 in the afternoon. [ [http://www.coisasdemaceio.com.br/modules/myalbum/photo.php?lid=123 "Praça Gogó da Ema" ] from "Coisas de Maceió: O portal dos alagoanos" ("Things from Maceió: The port of the Alagoans)" (website) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2008-02-05.] It has become a symbol for Maceian culure and tourism, and there is a beach named after the celebrated tree. The tree also appears in folkloric art and music throughout northeastern Brazil.
Zumbi dos Palmares International Airportlocated outside Maceió serves the area with international connections to Milanin Italyand Buenos Airesin Argentina, as well as cities throughout Brazil.
It is a new airport complex, designed by homegrown architect Mário Aloísio, which combines
glass, metal, and granite. There is space for art exhibitions, a panoramic deck, chapel, seven escalators, nine elevators, and four boarding bridges. And the whole terminal was designed to permit access by the physically disabled, with ramps and special bathroom fixtures. In the new terminal that is triple the size of the former terminal at 24,000 square meters and can accommodate up to 1.2 million passengers, the Brazilian agency in charge of airports, Infraero, has brought to Maceió "aeroshopping" – the transformation of Brazilian airports into centers for leisure, retail and services. Right now, there is a large amount of vacant commercial space to be occupied gradually. The parking area has also more than tripled. The check-in counters were doubled and can be further increased without structural remodeling. The building features computerized air conditioning. In fact, the building is "intelligent", meaning controlled by a computerized system that regulates factors ranging from the lighting level to air temperature and even the speed of the escalators. This system also controls fireprotection and access to restricted areas.
Connection of Maceió to
London, Rome, or Cairo, non-stop or connections.
Maceió is connected to the main cities of
Brazilby the BR-104, BR-101, and AL-101 highways.
Brasília: 2010 km (1249 mi);
Recife: 270 km (168 mi);
Aracaju: 290 km (180 mi);
*Salvador: 610 km (379 mi).
The Port of Jaraguá is a Brazilian port located in Maceió. The commercial and economic development of the Port of Jaraguá, next to the margins of the Mundaú lagoon, was responsible for the emergence of an important settlement that received the name of Maceió and later became the present capital of Alagoas. The Port of Jaraguá is situated in a natural port area that facilitates the ships docking. During the Brazilian colonial period, the most important products exported from there port were sugar, smoke, coconut and spices.
There are today about 53 boroughs in Maceió, the following is the list:
*Chã de Bebedouro
*Chã da Jaqueira
*Cruz das Almas
*Gruta de Lourdes
*Ponta da Terra
*Pontal da Barra
*Tabuleiro do Martins
*Tabuleiro do Pinto
*Trapiche da Barra
*Vergel do Lago.
* Praia do Francês (French's Beach)
* Barra Nova (New Waterway)
* Dunas de Marapé (Dunes of Marapé)
* Nove Ilhas (Nine Islands)
* Massagüera (or Massagueira)
* Barra de São Miguel (San Miguel Waterway)
* Praia do Gunga (Gunga's Beach)
* Sonho Verde (Green Dream)
Barra de Santo Antônio(Santo Antonio Waterway)
* Pontal do Coruripe
Aurélio Buarque de Holanda Ferreira, author of a famous Portuguese language dictionary, "Dicionário Aurélio"
Cacá Diegues, film director
Djavan, singer and musician
Deodoro da Fonseca, 1st president in Brazilian republic
Floriano Peixoto, 2nd president in Brazilian republic
Guimarães Passos, writer
Hermeto Pascoal, musician
Ledo Ivo, poet and writer
Nise da Silveira, psychiatrist
Pontes de Miranda, jurist
Vera Arruda, fashion designer
Celso Brandao, photographer
* Zagallo (Mário Jorge Lobo Zagallo),
Zumbi dos Palmares, a revolutionary.
Képler Laveran Lima Ferreira'Pepe', Football Player
Teotonio Vilela, "Menestrel das Alagoas"
Teotonio Brandao Vilela Filho, Senator and State Governor
Maceió's sister cities are:
* [http://www.turismomaceio.com.br/index-en.htm Tourism Maceió]
* [http://www.maceioturismo.com.br/ City Tour]
* [http://www.ipdal.com.br/ Hotels in Maceió]
* [http://www.somaceio.com.br/ Only Maceió]
* [http://www.bairrosdemaceio.net/site/index.php?Canal=Mapa%20dos%20Bairros Neighborhoods of Maceió]
* [http://www.imoveismaceio.com.br/ Apartments in Maceió]
* [http://www.maceio40graus.com.br/ Events in Maceió]
* [http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/Chateau/2931/prestaurante.html Restaurants in Maceió]
* [http://www.geocities.com/hollywood/chateau/2931/pespmaceio.html About Maceió]
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