- Gustav Killian
Gustav Killian (1860-1921) was a German laryngologist, born in
Mainz, and educated at the University of Freiburg-im-Breisgau. He made revolutionary advances in the diagnosis and treatment of affections of the infralaryngeal passages, especially in the diagnosisand removal of foreign bodies in the bronchial tubes, by means of his new art of bronchoscopic control. His first college appointment was as assistant to Professor Hack of the chair of otolaryngologyin Mainz. The sudden death of Hack led to his succession by Killian, although he was not made professor at the time. His revolutionary activity on bronchoscopygained him an appointment as professorof laryngologyin the University of Berlin; this was the first professorship of such scope in Germany. Killian introduced another innovation known as suspension laryngoscopy into the technic of his specialty. He wrote no monograph on the bronchoscope, and the omission has been supplied by his pupils. His book, "Die Schwebelaryngoscopic", appeared in 1920; and in collaboration with Voss was written a volume on military experience, "Gehörorgan, Obere Luft und Speisengänge" (1921). A Festschriftvolume was published around 1920.
Killian's operation -
* Excision of the anterior wall of the frontal sinus, removal of the diseased tissue, and formation of a permanent communication with the nose. -"The American Illustrated Medical Dictionary" (1938)
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