Gustav Killian

Gustav Killian

Gustav Killian (1860-1921) was a German laryngologist, born in Mainz, and educated at the University of Freiburg-im-Breisgau. He made revolutionary advances in the diagnosis and treatment of affections of the infralaryngeal passages, especially in the diagnosis and removal of foreign bodies in the bronchial tubes, by means of his new art of bronchoscopic control. His first college appointment was as assistant to Professor Hack of the chair of otolaryngology in Mainz. The sudden death of Hack led to his succession by Killian, although he was not made professor at the time. His revolutionary activity on bronchoscopy gained him an appointment as professor of laryngology in the University of Berlin; this was the first professorship of such scope in Germany. Killian introduced another innovation known as suspension laryngoscopy into the technic of his specialty. He wrote no monograph on the bronchoscope, and the omission has been supplied by his pupils. His book, "Die Schwebelaryngoscopic", appeared in 1920; and in collaboration with Voss was written a volume on military experience, "Gehörorgan, Obere Luft und Speisengänge" (1921). A Festschrift volume was published around 1920.

Term

Killian's operation -
* Excision of the anterior wall of the frontal sinus, removal of the diseased tissue, and formation of a permanent communication with the nose. -"The American Illustrated Medical Dictionary" (1938)

ee also

* Killian's dehiscence

*


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  • Gustav Killian — (* 2. Juni 1860 in Mainz; † 24. Februar 1921 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Mediziner und Begründer der Bronchoskopie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Verdienste 2.1 Bronchoskopie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Killian — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrew Killian (1872–1939), römisch katholischer Bischof Gustav Killian (1860–1921), deutscher Mediziner Karl Killian (* ca. 1910; † 1990), freischaffender österreichischer Geodät, physikalischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Killian's dehiscence — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Muscles of the pharynx and cheek. (Constrictor pharyngis inferior visible at bottom left.) Caption2 = Muscles of the pharynx, viewed from behind, together with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Killian dehiscence (triangle) operation — Kil·li·an dehiscence (triangle), operation (kilґe ən) [Gustav Killian, German laryngologist, 1860–1921] see under dehiscence and operation …   Medical dictionary

  • Killian-Dreieck — Kịllian Dreieck [nach dem dt. Otologen Gustav Killian, 1860 1921]: zwischen ↑Pars obliqua und ↑Pars cricopharyngea gelegene Muskelzüge …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Killian — Gustav J., German laryngologist, 1860–1921. See K. bundle, K. operation, K. triangle …   Medical dictionary

  • Liste der Biografien/Ki — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Carl von Eicken — Carl Otto von Eicken (* 31. Dezember 1873 in Mülheim an der Ruhr; † 29. Juni 1960 in Heilbronn) war ein deutscher Mediziner. Eicken studierte Medizin an den Universitäten zu Kiel, Genf, München, Berlin und Heidelberg. 1899 wurde er in Heidelberg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nasenscheidewandkorrektur — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 J34.2 Septumdeviation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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