- Anne Marie of Orléans
name =Anne Marie d'Orléans
title =Duchess Consort of Savoy, Princess of Piedmont, Queen consort of Sardinia and Sicily
caption =Anne Marie d'Orléans
Savoy- 1684 - 1728
Sardinia- 1720 - 1728
Sicily- 1713 - 1720
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy
Marie Anne of Savoy
Maria Louisa of Savoy
Victor Amadeus of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy
Emanuele Philibert of Savoy
royal house =
House of Orléans
father =Philippe de France, Duc d'Orléans
mother =Princess Henrietta Anne of England
date of birth =birth date|1669|08|27|mf=y
place of birth =
Château de Saint-Cloud, France
date of death =death date and age|1728|08|26|1669|08|27|mf=y
place of death =
Turin, Piedmont, Italy|
Anne Marie of Orléans (
Saint-Cloud, August 27 1669- Turin, August 26 1728), was the Queen consortof Sardiniaand the maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France.
She was born in the
Château de Saint-Cloudas daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléansand Princess Henrietta Anne of England. Her paternal grandparents were Louis XIII of Franceand Anne of Austria.
Her maternal grandparents were
Charles I of Englandand Henrietta Maria of France. Her elder surviving sister was Maria Luisa of Orléans, who became the Queen of Spainwhen Anne Marie was ten. Sadly, their mother died at the same place Anne Marie was born, the Château de Saint-Cloud, when her younger daughter was only a year old. A year after the death of her mother, her father married the German princess, Elizabeth Charlotte, Countess Palatine of Simmern. Like her sister, Marie Louise, she became close to her new stepmother. From her father's second marriage, she gained three other siblings.
April 10 1684she was married at Versaillesto Víctor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoyand future king of Sicily(1713) and Sardinia(1720).
They had six children:
# Marie Adelaide (b.1685-d.1712), married Louis, duc de Bourgogne and was the mother of
Louis XV of France
# Marie Anne (b.1687-d.1690)
# Marie Louise (b.1688-d.1714), first wife of
Philip V of Spain
# Victor Amadeus (b.1699-d.1715), prince of Piedmont
# Carlo Emanuele III (b.1701-d.1773), the next Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia.
# Emanuele Philibert (1705-1705) Duke of Chablais.
Anne Marie died in
Turinon August 26 1728. Her husband Víctor Amadeus II abdicated in favour of his son in 1730 and died two years later in Moncalieri.
From 1714 to 1720, Anne Marie was the heiress presumptive to the Jacobite claim to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, which was held at the time by
James Francis Edward Stuart, styling himself "James III and VIII". She became his heir on 1 August 1714, upon the death of his elder sister Anne, and was displaced as his heir by the birth of the Old Pretender's son, Charles Edward Stuart, on 31 December 1720.
Through Anne Marie descend the current post-Stuart legitimist claims of the Jacobites to the English and Scottish thrones.
In 1807, almost eighty years after her death , Cardinal
Henry Benedict Stuartdied. He was the last of the descendants of her uncle, King James II of England. The Jacobites viewed the legitimate succession to the English and Scottish thrones as devolving upon the senior living descendant of King Charles I. In 1807, the Jacobite pretender became Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia, the great-grandson of Anne Marie of Orléans and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia.
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1= 1. Anne Marie d'Orléans
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Henrietta Anne of England
Louis XIII of France
Anne of Austria
Charles I of England
Henrietta Maria of France
Henry IV of France
Marie de' Medici
Philip III of Spain
11= 11. Margaret of Austria
James I of England
Anne of Denmark
Henry IV of France=8
Marie de' Medici=9
16= 16. Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
Jeanne III of Navarre
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Johanna of Austria
Philip II of Spain
21= 21. Anna of Austria
Charles II of Austria
23= 23. Maria Anna of Bavaria
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
Mary I of Scotland
Frederick II of Denmark
Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
28= 28. Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme =16
Jeanne III of Navarre=17
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany=18
Johanna of Austria=19
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10277.htm The peerage]
* [http://www.jacobite.ca/gentree.htm Her role in the Jacobite Succession]
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