- Air Force Cross (United Kingdom)
Infobox Military Award
name= Air Force Cross
caption= Obverse of medal and ribbon
awarded_by= United Kingdom and Commonwealth
type= Military decoration.
eligibility= British, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied forces
for= "... for gallantry while flying but not on active operations against the enemy."cite news |title=Defence FactSheet | url =http://www.operations.mod.uk/honours/honours.htm | accessdate = 2008-10-09 ]
status= Currently awarded.
description= silver cross
established=3 June 1918
lower= The Air Force Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom Armed Forces, and formerly also to officers of the other Commonwealth countries, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying, though not in active operations against the enemy". A bar is added to the ribbon for holders who are awarded a second AFC. cite news | title=MOD - AFC | url =http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceFor/Veterans/Medals/AirForceCross.htm | accessdate = 2008-10-09 ]
The award was established on 3 June 1918. It was originally awarded to Air Force
commissioned officers and Warrant Officers, but this was expanded after World War IIto include Army and Navy aviation officers, and again in 1993 to enlisted personnel after the discontinuation of the Air Force Medal.
During World War I, approximately 680 were awarded. During World War II, 2,001 medals were awarded, with 26 bars awarded. One unique second bar was awarded to Wing Commander H J Wilson in 1944.
58 honorary awards were made to aircrew from other non-Commonwealth countries.
Recipients of the Air Force Cross are entitled to use the
post-nominal letters"AFC". A bar is added to the ribbon for holders of the AFC who received a second award.
* The medal is a silver cross 60 mm high and 54 mm wide, representing aircraft propeller blades, with wings between the arms. The obverse depicts
Hermesriding on the wings of a hawk holding a laurel wreath. At the top of the upper arm is the royal crown while the other three arms bear the Royal Cypherof the reigning monarch at the time of issue.
* The suspender is straight and decorated with laurel wreaths.
* The ribbon was originally white with red broad horizontal stripes, but changed in 1919 to the current white with red broad diagonal stripes at a 45-degree angle.
British and Commonwealth orders and decorations
* [http://www.rafweb.org/archives.htm#LG19-2-15 Page including text from the London Gazette dated 5 December 1919 establishing DFC, AFC, DFM and AFM]
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