Rock-wallaby

Rock-wallaby

Taxobox
name = "Petrogale"



image_caption = "Allied Rock-wallaby"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
subclassis = Marsupialia
ordo = Diprotodontia
familia = Macropodidae
genus = "Petrogale"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision =16, see text

The rock-wallabies are the wallabies of the genus "Petrogale".

Description

The medium-sized, often colourful and extremely agile rock-wallabies live where rocky, rugged and steep terrain can provide daytime refuge. Males are slightly larger than females with a body length of up to 59cm and a 70cm long tail.

Rock-wallabies are nocturnal and live a fortress existence spending their days in steep, rocky, complex terrain in some kind of shelter (cave, overhang or vegetation) and ranging out into surrounding terrain at night for feed. The greatest activity occurs three hours before sunrise and after sunset.

Habitat

Their reliance on refuges leads to the rock-wallabies living in small groups or colonies, with individuals having overlapping home ranges of about 15 hectares each. Within their colonies they seem to be highly territorial with a male’s territory overlapping one or a number of female territories. Even at night the wallabies do not move further than two kilometres from their home refuges.

Generally, there are three categories of habitat that the different species of rock-wallaby seem to prefer:
*Loose piles of large boulders containing a maze of subterranean holes and passageways
*Cliffs with many mid-level ledges and caves
*Isolated rock stacks, usually sheer sided and often girdled with fallen boulders

Suitable habitat is limited and patchy and has led to varying degrees of isolation of colonies and a genetic differentiation specific to these colonies.

pecies decline

Their total numbers and range have been drastically reduced since European colonisation, with populations becoming extinct from the south.

The ongoing extinction of colonies in recent times is of particular concern. In 1988, at Jenolan Caves in New South Wales for example, a caged population of 80 rock-wallabies was released to boost what was thought to be an abundant local wild population. By 1992 the total population was down to about seven. The survivors were caught and enclosed in a fox and cat-proof enclosure, and the numbers in this captive population have since begun to increase.

Scientists consider foxes the major reason for the recent extinctions, along with competing herbivores, especially goats, sheep and rabbits, diseases such as toxoplasmosis and hydatidosis, habitat fragmentation and destruction and a lower genetic health due to the increasing isolation of colonies.

Recovery and conservation

Habitat conservation and pest management addressing foxes and goats appear to be the most urgent recovery actions to save the species.

The national recovery team with support from non-government organisations such as the Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife has implemented various programs ranging from land acquisition to captive breeding and awareness raising projects.

Monitoring programs are implemented to register any changes in population sizes. Genetic surveys establish the genetic diversity of populations. Fox and goat eradication aid the survival of local populations, and captive breeding programs are used as an 'insurance policy' to build up wallaby numbers to boost wild populations.

In the case of the Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby these strategies have prevented the extinction of the species in New South Wales.

pecies

* Genus "Petrogale"
** "P. brachyotis" species-group
*** Short-eared Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale brachyotis"
*** Monjon, "Petrogale burbidgei"
*** Nabarlek, "Petrogale concinna"
** "P. xanthopus" species-group
*** Proserpine Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale persephone"
*** Rothschild's Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale rothschildi"
*** Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale xanthopus"
** "P. lateralis/penicillata" species-group
*** Allied Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale assimilis"
*** Cape York Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale coenensis"
*** Godman's Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale godmani"
*** Herbert's Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale herberti"
*** Unadorned Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale inornata"
*** Black-flanked Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale lateralis"
*** Mareeba Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale mareeba"
*** Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale penicillata"
*** Purple-necked Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale purpureicollis"
*** Mt. Claro Rock-wallaby, "Petrogale sharmani"


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • rock wallaby — noun slender long legged Australian wallabies living in caves and rocky areas • Syn: ↑rock kangaroo • Hypernyms: ↑wallaby, ↑brush kangaroo • Member Holonyms: ↑Petrogale, ↑genus Petrogale …   Useful english dictionary

  • rock wallaby — any wallaby of the genus Petrogale, having a banded or striped coat, slender body, and long legs and feet, inhabiting caves and rocky areas in Australia. [1835 45] * * * …   Universalium

  • rock wallaby — noun Date: 1841 any of various medium sized kangaroos (genus Petrogale) having a gray or brown coat usually with distinctive markings …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • rock wallaby — /ˈrɒk wɒləbi / (say rok woluhbee) noun any of a number of small wallabies of the genera Petrogale and Peradorcas, having long, cylindrical, hairy tails and thickly padded and roughened feet adapted for rocky environments …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Mareeba Rock-wallaby — Mareeba Rock wallaby[1] Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Claro Rock-wallaby — Mount Claro Rock wallaby[1] Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)[ …   Wikipedia

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  • Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby — Taxobox name = Yellow footed Rock wallabyMSW3 Groves|pages=69] status = NT status system = iucn3.1 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Australasian Marsupial Monotreme Specialist Group|year=1996|id=16750|title=Petrogale xanthopus|downloaded=11 May… …   Wikipedia

  • Proserpine Rock-wallaby — Taxobox name = Proserpine Rock wallabyMSW3 Groves|pages=68] status = EN status system = iucn3.1 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Australasian Marsupial Monotreme Specialist Group|year=1996|id=16747|title=Petrogale persephone|downloaded=2007 01 01… …   Wikipedia

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