Bowman's membrane

Bowman's membrane

Infobox Anatomy
Name = Bowman's membrane
Latin = l. limitans anterior corneae
GraySubject = 225
GrayPage = 1008

Caption = Vertical section of human cornea from near the margin. (Waldeyer.) Magnified.
1. Epithelium.
2. Anterior elastic lamina.
3. substantia propria.
4. Posterior elastic lamina.
5. Endothelium of the anterior chamber.
a. Oblique fibers in the anterior layer of the substantia propria.
b. Lamellæ the fibers of which are cut across, producing a dotted appearance.
c. Corneal corpuscles appearing fusiform in section.
d. Lamellæ the fibers of which are cut longitudinally.
e. Transition to the sclera, with more distinct fibrillation, and surmounted by a thicker epithelium.
f. Small bloodvessels cut across near the margin of the cornea.

Caption2 =
System =
Precursor =
MeshName = Bowman+membrane
MeshNumber = A09.371.060.217.113
DorlandsPre = l_02
DorlandsSuf = 12476272
The Bowman's membrane (Bowman's layer, anterior limiting lamina, anterior elastic lamina) is a smooth layer in the eye. It is located between the front epithelium and the stroma in the cornea. It is composed of strong collagen fibers and helps the cornea maintain its shape. If the Bowman's membrane is damaged, scarring would normally occur.

In adult humans, this layer is 8-12 μm thick. [Hogan MJ, Alvarado JA, Weddell E: Histology of the Human Eye. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1971]

Bowman's layer is absent in cats, dogs, and other carnivores.Merindano MD; Costa J; Canals M; Potau JM, and Ruano D. [ "A comparative study of Bowman's layer in some mammals: Relationships with other constituent corneal structures."] "European Journal of Anatomy." Volume 6, Number 3, December 2002.]

The Bowman's membrane is named after Sir William Bowman (1816 - 1892), an English physician, anatomist and ophthalmologist, who discovered this membrane.

ee also

*Refractive surgery
*Descemet's membrane


External links

* [ Diagram at]
* [ at cornea_crosssection_en.jpg]

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