St Serf's Inch

St Serf's Inch

Infobox Scottish island

celtic name=
norse name=
meaning of name=
area=41 ha
area rank= 207=
highest elevation= 114 m asl
population rank=
main settlement=
island group=Loch Leven
local authority=Perth and Kinross
references= [2001 UK Census per List of islands of Scotland] [ [ Ordnance Survey] ]

St Serf's Inch or St Serf's Island is an island in Loch Leven, in south-eastern Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It was the home of a Culdee and then an Augustinian monastic community, St Serf's Inch Priory.

There was a monastic community on the island which was old in the 12th century. The monastery produced a series of Gaelic language charters from the 11th and 12th centuries which were translated into Latin in the late 12th century. It is from these that we know Macbeth, the King of Scots and his consort Gruoch, made an endowments of land to the priory. [Lawrie, "Charters", no. v.] One of the these charters purports to go back to "Brude filius Dergard", that is Bruide mac Dargarto, King of the Picts (d. 706). [Lawrie, "Charters", no. iii.] Other of these charters record grants from Máel Dúin, Bishop of St Andrews (d. 1055), [Lawrie, "Charters", no. vi.] his successor Túathal (d. c. 1060) [Lawrie, "Charters", no. vii.] , his successor Fothad mac Maíl Míchéil, [Lawrie, "Charters", no. ix.] King Máel Coluim III (1058–1093) and his wife Margaret, [Lawrie, "Charters", no. viii.] , Ethelred, abbot of Dunkeld, [Lawrie, "Charters", no. xiv.] and King Domnall Bán (1093-1097). [Lawrie, "Charters", no. xiii.] Also among the collection of these translations is a record of a trial held c. 1128 and presided over by Causantín, Mormaer of Fife and "magnum judex in Scotia", assisted by "Dufgal filium Mocche" and "Meildoineneth filium Machedath"; the trial pertained to the behaviour of one Robert "the Burgundian", the earliest recorded French settler north of the Forth, towards the monks of St Serf, and resulted in favour of the monks after Causantín bowed to the "superior knowledge" of the law held by "Dufgal". [Lawrie, "Charters", no. lxxx.]

Prior Andrew de Wyntoun, author of the 15th century historical work called "Oryginalle Cronykil of Scotland" included various unflattering stories about his monarch. Macbeth was described as a 'changeling' or 'Devil's child'. De Wyntoun also recorded a number of tales that re-appeared four centuries later in William Shakespeare's 'Scottish Play' including a prophecy that Macbeth would never be killed by a man born of woman, his recognition by three 'Weird Sisters', and that his demise would only come when the wood of Birnam came to Dunsinane. [cite news| author=Harrell, Eben| date=18 June 2007| title=Hubble, bubble, Shakespeare's in trouble with history experts| location=Edinburgh| work=The Scotsman newspaper] [ [ The Annals of Kinross-shire] Retrieved 20 June 2007.]

See also

* Prior of Loch Leven
* St Serf's Inch Priory



* Barrow, G.W.S., "The "Judex", in G.W.S. Barrow (ed.), "The Kingdom of the Scots", (Edinburgh, 2003), pp. 57–67
* Lawrie, Sir Archibald, "Early Scottish Charters Prior to A.D. 1153", (Glasgow, 1905)

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • St Serf's Inch Priory — The St Serf s Inch Priory (or Portmoak Priory) was a community of Augustinian canons based, initially at least, on St Serf s Inch in Loch Leven. It was founded from St Andrews Cathedral Priory at the instigation of King David I of Scotland in… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Serf — Infobox Saint name= Saint Serf birth date= 500 death date= 583 AD feast day= July 1 venerated in= Roman Catholic Church imagesize= caption= birth place= death place= titles= beatified date= beatified place= beatified by= canonized date= canonized …   Wikipedia

  • Список островов Шотландии — Карта Внешних и Внутренних Гебрид Этот список содержит перечисление морских и пресноводных островов Шотландии (континентальная часть которой является частью острова Великобритания). Помимо того, в список включены связанные с рас …   Википедия

  • List of religious houses in Scotland — is a link page to any abbey, priory, friary or other religious house in Scotland. Contents 1 Abbreviations and Key 2 Aberdeen 3 Aberdeenshire 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Prior of Loch Leven — The Prior of Loch Leven was the head of lands and of the community Augustinian canons of St Serf s Inch Priory, Loch Leven (aka Portmoak Priory). There was a Scottish Céli Dé (or Culdee) establishment there in the first half of the 12th century,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of freshwater islands in Scotland — This is a list of freshwater islands in Scotland. It includes islands within fresh water lochs and within rivers but excludes crannogs. In lochs Loch Arkaig *An t Eilean Beag *Eilean a Ghiubhais *Eilean Loch Airceig Loch Avich *Innis Luana… …   Wikipedia

  • Loch Leven — Infobox lake lake name = Loch Leven image lake = Loch Leven Kinross.jpg caption lake = looking north from Vane Farm image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Perth and Kinross, Scotland coords = coord|56.20019|N|3.37963|W|type:waterbody… …   Wikipedia

  • List of islands named after people — This is a list of some of the islands known to be named after individual people. It details the name of the island, its location and eponym.*flagicon|Chile Alejandro Selkirk Island, Chile ndash; Alexander Selkirk *flagicon|Antarctica Alexander… …   Wikipedia

  • John Winram — (1492 ndash; 1582) was a 16th century Scottish monk and ecclesiastical reformer. He was born in 1492, the son of one James Winram of Ratho and his wife Margaret Wilkie. He obtained a Bachelor s Degree (1515), a Master s Degree (x 1532) and a… …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew of Wyntoun — Andrew Wyntoun, known as Andrew of Wyntoun (c. 1350 ndash; c. 1423) was a Scottish poet, a canon and prior of Loch Leven on St Serf s Inch and later, a canon of St. Andrews.Andrew Wyntoun is most famous for his completion of an eight syllabled… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”