Thirty-three gods

Thirty-three gods

The Thirty-three gods is a pantheon of Hindu deities, some of Vedic origin and some developed later. It generally includes a set of 31 deities consisting of 12 Ādityas, 11 Rudras, and 8 Vasus; the identity of the other two deities that fill out the 33 varies.

The 31 are:

* Twelve Ādityas (personified deities) – Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, IAST|Varuṇa, IAST|Dakṣa, IAST|Aṃśa, IAST|Tvāṣṭṛ, IAST|Pūṣan, Vivasvat, IAST|Savitṛ, Śakra, IAST|Viṣṇu. This list sometimes varies in particulars.

* Eleven Rudras, consisting of:
** "Five abstractions" – Ānanda "bliss", Vijñāna "knowledge", Manas "thought", IAST|Prāṇa "breath" or "life", Vāc "speech",
** "Five names of Śiva" – Īśāna "ruler", IAST|Tatpuruṣa "that person", Aghora "not terrible", Vāmadeva "pleasant god", Sadyojāta "born at once"
** "Ātmā" "self"

* Eight Vasus (deities of material elements) – IAST|Pṛthivī "Earth", Agni "Fire", IAST|Antarikṣa "Atmosphere", Vāyu "Wind", IAST|Dyauṣ "Sky", Sūrya "Sun", IAST|Nakṣatra "Stars", Soma "Moon"

To these may be added:
* Prajāpati "Master of creatures", the creator
* Indra, lord of the gods

Other sources include instead the two Aśvins (or Nāsatyas), twin solar deities.

The generic title, though not the particular names of the deities, was borrowed in Buddhist sources as a name for the heaven "of the Thirty-three gods" (IAST|Trāyastriṃśa).

External links

* [http://www.tientai.net/teachings/dharma/6realms/33gods.htm Thirty-Three Gods]


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