An armistice is a situation where the warring parties agree to stop fighting. It is not necessarily the end of a war, but can instead be just a cease fire. It is derived from the
Latin"arma", meaning weapons and "statium", meaning a stopping.
A truce or
ceasefireusually refers to a temporary cessation of hostilitiesfor an agreed limited time or within a limited area. A truce may be needed in order to negotiate an armistice.An armistice is a " modus vivendi" and is not the same as a peace treaty, which may take months or even years to agree on. The 1953 Korean Wararmistice [cite web
title=Text of the Korean War Armistice Agreement |date=
July 27, 1953
publisher=FindLaw] is a major example of an armistice which has not yet been followed by a peace treaty.
United Nations Security Counciloften imposes or tries to impose cease-fire resolutions on parties in modern conflicts. Armistices are always negotiated between the parties themselves and are thus generally seen as more binding than non-mandatory UN cease-fire resolutions in modern international law.
The key aspect in an armistice is the fact that "all fighting ends with no one surrendering". This is in contrast to an
unconditional surrender, which is a surrender without conditions, except for those provided by international law. Fact|date=March 2008
Notable armistices in history
The most notable armistice, and the one which is still meant when people say simply "The Armistice", is the armistice at the end of World War I, on
11 November, 1918, signed near Compiègne, France, and effective at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month." [cite web
title=The Armistice |date=
1 May 2004
work=The War to End All Wars|publisher=FirstWorldWar.com]
Armistice Dayis still celebrated in some places on the anniversary of that armistice; alternatively November 11, or a Sunday near to it, may still be observed as a Remembrance Day. [cite web|accessdate=2007-01-04
title=What is Remembrance Day?|publisher=CBBC Newsround]
Other armistices in history are:
Armistice of Copenhagenof 1537 ended the Danish war known as the Count's Feud.
Armistice of Stuhmsdorfof 1635 between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden.
Peace of Westphaliaof 1648 that ended the Thirty Years' War.
World War I
** Armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, at Brest-Litovsk, 1917 (see
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk)
Armistice with Bulgaria, also known as the Armistice of Solun, September 1918
Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), 1918
Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giustiended the First World War on the Italian front in early November 1918
Armistice of MudrosBetween the Ottoman Empire and the Allies, 1918
Armistice of Mudanyabetween Turkey, Italy, France and Britain and later Greece, 1922.
World War II
Armistice with France (Second Compiègne), 1940
Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acrebetween British forces in the Middle East and Vichy France forces in Syria, 1941
Armistice with Italy, 1943
Moscow Armistice, signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on September 19, 1944ending the Continuation War.
** (Germany implemented an
unconditional surrenderat the end of the war, immediately prior to V-E day)
Japanese Instrument of Surrender
1949 Armistice Agreementsbetween Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. [cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/mideast/stories/history.maps/armistice.html
accessdate=2007-01-04|title=1949 Armistice|work=Middle East, Land of Conflict
* Korean War Armistice, July 1953.
Armistice of Trung Giasigned by France and the Viet Minh on July 20, 1954ending the First Indochina War.
* 1962 armistice in
Algeriaattempted to end the Algerian War.
*cite web|url=http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/armisticeterms.htm |accessdate=2007-01-04
title=Allied Armistice Terms, 11 November 1918
work=The War to End All Wars |publisher=FirstWorldWar.com
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