A Farewell to Arms

A Farewell to Arms

Infobox Book
name = A Farewell to Arms
title_orig =
translator =

image_caption = First edition cover
author = Ernest Hemingway
illustrator =
cover_artist =
country = USA
language = English
series =
genre = War
Semi-autobiographical novel
publisher = Scribner's Magazine
release_date = May–October, 1929
media_type = Print (Serialization)
pages = 336 pp (Scribner reprint ed)
isbn = ISBN 978-0-684-80146-9 (Scribner reprint ed)
preceded_by =
followed_by =

"A Farewell to Arms" is a semi-autobiographical novel written by Ernest Hemingway, first published in 1929. Much of the novel was written at the home of Hemingway's in-laws in Piggott, Arkansas.cite web|url=http://hemingway.astate.edu/|title=Hemingway-Pfeiffer Home Page|publisher=Arkansas State University|accessdate=2007-01-30] Considered by some critics to be the greatest war novel of all time,Fact|date=January 2008 the novel is told through the point of view of Lieutenant Frederic Henry, an American serving as an ambulance driver in the Italian army during World War I. The title is taken from a poem by 16th century English dramatist George Peele.cite web|title=George Peele: A Farewell to Arms (To Queen Elizabeth)|publisher=The DayPoems Poetry Collection|url=http://www.daypoems.net/poems/104.html|accessdate=2008-05-19]

Plot summary

The novel is divided into five books. In the first book, Henry meets and attempts to seduce Catherine Barkley and their relationship begins. While on the Italian Campaign (World War I)
Italian front
, Henry is wounded in the knee by a mortar shell and sent to a hospital in Milan. The second book shows the growth of Henry and Catherine's relationship as they spend time together in Milan over the summer. Henry falls in love with Catherine, and by the time he is healed, Catherine is three months pregnant. In the third book, Henry returns to his unit, but not long after, the Austro-Germans break through the Italian lines, and the Italians retreat. After falling behind and catching up again, Henry is taken to a place where officers are being interrogated and executed for the "treachery" that supposedly led to the Italian defeat. However, Henry escapes by jumping into a river. In the fourth book, Catherine and Henry reunite and flee to Switzerland in a rowboat. In the final book, Henry and Catherine live a quiet life in the mountains until she goes into labor. After a long and painful labor, their son is stillborn. Catherine begins to hemorrhage and soon dies, leaving Henry to return to their hotel in the rain.


*Frederic Henry, often simply called Tenente ("Lieutenant"), is the narrator of the story. Henry is a volunteer ambulance driver from the United States. In Henry, we see the beginnings of what comes to be called Hemingway's "Code Hero": Henry is stoic under duress or pain; he modestly deflects praise for his contributions to the war; he is unflappable under fire; he does his work. He is a "man's man," in that his thoughts revolve on women ("girls") and drink. He participates in and seems to enjoy the banal, everyday conversation between the soldiers. He is attracted to the simple goodness of the priest, who, like Henry (who is not religious), sticks to his beliefs despite the war's constant presence.
*Catherine Barkley has been used hard by life. She declined a proposal of marriage, and then her love was killed in the war. She is Scottish, professional, deeply feeling. Her sexual desires and her simple desire for companionship are sometimes at odds with her needs to tend to the ill. Like the code hero, she handles conflicting needs with grace, giving to both, but shorting none. Feminist thinkers will see in Catherine, Hemingway's perfect woman: wise and cynical in many ways, her wisdom cannot contain her desire. As Henry gives his health and youth to the war effort, Catherine's chief heroism is to ignore the dangers of unprotected sex and to accept the pain and death of childbirth stoically.
*Rinaldi is a physician through which Hemingway draws his idea of an Italian male. Sketched somewhat jingoistically, Rinaldi is unfailingly exuberant, ignoring small details that would stop his large and giving gestures. He loves women and drinking, bearing a bottle of the latter and tales of the former to his friend Henry as Henry recovers from his wounds. He enjoys performing surgery, seeing it as an enjoyable challenge; he greets his friend Frederic Henry with a formal European-style kiss. Rinaldi is a form of the code hero as well. He allows Hemingway to explore another, non-Anglo-American, way of being male, of facing even a difficult world, an injured Italy, with joie de vivre, ignoring all danger, giving himself.


*The novel was adapted for the stage by Laurence Stallings in 1930.
*The 1932 screen adaptation was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. The screenplay was written by Oliver H.P. Garrett and Benjamin Glazer. It was directed by Frank Borzage, and features the music of Richard Wagner. The movie stars Helen Hayes, Gary Cooper and Adolphe Menjou [imdb title|id=0022879|title=A Farewell to Arms (1932)] .
*A 1957 remake starring Rock Hudson, Jennifer Jones, and Vittorio De Sica was directed by Charles Vidor and John Huston. De Sica was nominated for Best Supporting Actor for his performance [imdb title|id=0050379|title=A Farewell to Arms (1957)] .
*The BBC broadcast an abridged adaptation - written by Giles Cooper, directed by Rex Tucker, and starring Vanessa Redgrave and George Hamilton - on February 15, 1966 [imdb title|id=0397787|title=A Farewell to Arms (1966)] .

ee also

*Battles of the Isonzo


External links

* [http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/farewell/ Spark Notes: A Farewell to Arms]
* [http://literapedia.wikispaces.com/A+Farewell+to+Arms Literapedia: A Farewell to Arms]
* [http://www.scribd.com/doc/485409/Hemingway-A-Farewell-to-Arms Read On-Line in Scribd.com]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Farewell to Arms — Farewell to Arms, A (1929) a novel by Ernest Hemingway about the romantic relationship between a US man who is working as an ↑ambulance driver and an English nurse in Italy during World War I …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • A Farewell to Arms — L Adieu aux armes L Adieu aux armes est un roman d Ernest Hemingway. Son action se déroule sur le front italien, pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, et raconte une histoire d amour impossible en temps de guerre entre un soldat et une infirmière …   Wikipédia en Français

  • A Farewell to Arms (Футурама) — Эпизод «Футурамы» «Прощайте, руки!» «A Farewell to Arms» Команда Planet Express исследует марсианский календарь Порядковый номер 116 …   Википедия

  • A Farewell to Arms (1957 film) — Infobox Film name = A Farewell to Arms image size = caption = Original soundtrack album director = Charles Vidor producer = writer = Ben Hecht (screenplay) Laurence Stallings (play) Ernest Hemingway (novel) narrator = starring = Rock Hudson… …   Wikipedia

  • A Farewell to Arms (1932 film) — Infobox Film name = A Farewell to Arms image size = 150px caption = Original poster director = Frank Borzage producer = Edward A. Blatt Benjamin Glazer writer = Benjamin Glazer Oliver H.P. Garrett narrator = starring = Gary Cooper Helen Hayes… …   Wikipedia

  • Farewell to Arms, A — a novel (1929) by Ernest Hemingway. * * * …   Universalium

  • Farewell to Arms, A — a novel (1929) by Ernest Hemingway …   Useful english dictionary

  • Farewell to Legs — is a short story by P. G. Wodehouse, which first appeared in the United States in the July 14 1935 edition of This Week , and in the United Kingdom in the May 1936 issue of the Strand . It was included in the UK collection Lord Emsworth and… …   Wikipedia

  • A Farewell to Arms —    1) Voir L Adieu aux armes    2) Voir L Adieu au drapeau …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Farewell to Nova Scotia — is a popular folk song from Nova Scotia of unknown authorship, collected by folklorist Helen Creighton. It is believed to have been written just prior to or during the First World War. Farewell to Nova Scotia brings the listener back to an age… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”