- Puducherry Legislative Assembly
Enclaves of Pondicherry
The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprises four enclaves namely, Pondicherry (
Pondichéry), Karaikal ( Karikal), Mahe ( Mahé) and Yanam ( Yanaon) that were ruled by French before independence.
Assembly during French rule
In 1946, French India ("Inde française") became
Overseas territory(" Territoire d'outre-mer") of France.Then a Representative Assembly (Assemblée représentative) was created.
*Total Seats:- 44 (39+5)
Merger and formation of Union Territory
French Government transferred the four enclaves to the
Indian Union under a de factotreaty on 1 November 1954. Later the territory was merged with India on 16 August 1962.
As the people aspired for a popular Government, the
Indian Parliamentenacted the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 that came into force on 1 July 1963, and the pattern of Government prevailing in the rest of the country was introduced in this territory also, but subject to certain limitations. Under Article 239 of the Indian Constitution, the President of Indiaappoints an Administrator with such designation as he may specify to head the administration of the territory. The Presidentalso appoints the Chief Minister. The Presidenton the advice of the Chief Ministerappoints the other Ministers.
Structure of Legislative Assembly
The structure of the Pondicherry Legislature is
Unicameral. The Legislative Assembly consists of 30 members. The people on the basis of adult franchise directly elect all the members.
In terms of the provisions of the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 the normal tenure of the Assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. There are 16 Committees in the Assembly.
The Centre is represented by the Lt. Governor, who resides at the Raj Nivas at the Nehru Park, the former palace of the French Governor General of Pondichery. The Central government is more directly involved in the financial well-being of the territory, as against the states where financial administration, given a budgeted central grant is the responsibility to the state governments. Consequently,
Pondicherryhas at various times, enjoyed lower taxes, especially in the indirect category.
Pondicherry Legislative Assembly has 30 constituencies. Out of them 21 constituencies belong to
Pondicherry, Karaikalhas 6 in number, Mahehas 2 in number and Yanamhas single constituency.
Municipal Administration in French India
List of Chief Ministers of Pondicherry
Pondicherry (Lok Sabha constituency)
Pondicherry Municipal Council
Yanam Municipal Council
* [http://legislativebodiesinindia.gov.in/States/pondichery/pondicherry-w.htm Pondicherry Legislative Assembly]
* [http://pondicherry.nic.in/open/govern/mla.htm/ Member of Legislative Assembly of Pondicherry]
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