Not Invented Here

Not Invented Here

"Not Invented Here" (NIH) is a term used to describe a persistent sociological, corporate or institutional culture that avoids using or buying already existing products, research or knowledge because of its different origins. It is normally used in a pejorative sense.

As a sociological phenomenon, "Not Invented Here" syndrome is manifested as an unwillingness to adopt an idea or product because it originates from another culture, a form of nationalism.

In computing

The computer industry has seen many examples of "Not Invented Here" syndrome. During the evolution of Mac OS through OS 9, many user interface innovations of other operating systems were not adopted because they went against, or were not discussed in, Apple's original human interface guidelines.Fact|date=February 2007 Criticswho say that this was an example of Apple irrationally rejecting any change not invented by themselves. Apple's long-held single-button mouse philosophy is arguably one example, until Apple introduced the Apple Mighty Mouse.

Another example was the low acceptance of early British-made home computers in Japan and Japanese-made ones in Britain. For example the Timex Sinclair 2068 got almost no attention, while its Sinclair Spectrum predecessor became hugely successful. Similarly the Japanese/Dutch MSX home computer standard became successful in many countries but not in Britain and the USA, which produced competing systems. Likewise, British and American home computers got no foothold in Japan. These cases may demonstrate both the "not invented here" and the "invented here" syndromes.

In the free software community

Many free software or open source projects have been accused of NIH syndrome because often several projects aim to accomplish the same things. For example, there are literally hundreds of Linux distributions. Each ostensibly has a different set of goals or target audience, but in reality most of them end up being nearly identical. Furthermore, as a result of the splitting up of efforts among the different distros, few of them are as actively maintained as they could be.

When a free program is written because all existing programs that accomplish the same task are non-free, this is not NIH. The open source community is trying to provide a needed alternative to some fully or partially closed source implementation. The term "NIH" applies when the reasons are not technical or legal. This is also referred to as "reinventing the wheel". There is, consequently, no good reason to do this, but some of the bad ones include pride, ignorance, discontent with some aspect of the existing solution, or the desire to create for creation's sake. These traits are not specific to open source programmers (many programmers of proprietary software exhibit them as well).Fact|date=July 2007

In academia

In academic environments, the motivation for the NIH effect is twofold: first, resources from student workers are often paid in a lump sum (as a stipend, scholarship, or fixed salary) resulting in no variable increase in pay for more requested work; and second, the drive for publication at some institutions may drive repetition of work done at other institutions or in industry so that the researcher (and institution) may publish about their (repeated) work.Fact|date=July 2007 Replication is however considered an important element in many areas of science.

The quality of academic products developed from the NIH effect varies widely, mostly for the aforementioned reasons.

In the military

Some observers have suggested that the need to keep designers and bureaucrats in work plays an important part in decisions that prefer in-country work. [Katz & Allen, "Investigating the Not Invented Here (NIH) Syndrome: a look at the performance, tenure and communication patterns of 50 R&D project groups". R&D Management vol. 12, pp. 7-19, 1982.]

In media

In the United States, a form of NIH exists in the television industry. A television network affiliated with a particular studio (e.g. ABC and ABC Studios, NBC and Universal Media Studios, CBS and CBS Paramount Television, FOX and 20th Century Fox Television) will often buy much, if not most, of its programming from that particular studio, due to the financial benefits of vertical integration.

Conversely, even if a network-affiliated studio's show is picked up by another network, it is not unheard of for the studio to pull out of the series, on the grounds that it represents a large financial investment into a program for the competing network. For example, Touchstone Television (now ABC Studios) pulled out of "" soon after it was picked up by CBS. [Bill Carter, "Desperate Networks", New York: Doubleday, 2006. pp. 130-131]

See also

* Appeal to spite
* Association fallacy
* Editor wars
* Reinventing the wheel
* Style over substance fallacy
* Wishful thinking
* Groupthink


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Not invented here — (NIH) is a term used to describe persistent social, corporate, or institutional culture that avoids using or buying already existing products, research, standards, or knowledge because of their external origins. It is normally used in a… …   Wikipedia

  • Not Invented Here — L expression Not Invented Here (littéralement « pas inventé ici ») désigne un syndrome dans une entreprise qui redéveloppe quelque chose qui existait déjà sous prétexte qu elle n a pas été conçue ou mise au point à l intérieur de celle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • not invented here —    we reject and denigrate all other ideas than our own    A defensive mechanism of those who are employed to think and innovate, whose position is threatened if a third party achieves what they are being paid to do:     They didn t think of it,… …   How not to say what you mean: A dictionary of euphemisms

  • not-invented-here syndrome — ˌnot inˌvented ˈhere syndrome abbreviation NIH syndrome noun [singular, uncountable] disapproving HUMAN RESOURCES when people in a company consider new products or ideas from other departments or companies as threats, rather than trying to take… …   Financial and business terms

  • Not-Invented-Here-Syndrom — Das Not Invented Here Syndrom (Abkürzung NIH, deutsch „nicht hier erfunden“) beschreibt abwertend die Nichtbeachtung von bereits existierendem Wissen durch Unternehmen oder Institutionen aufgrund des Entstehungsortes. Not Invented Here tritt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Not-invented-here-Syndrom — Das Not invented here Syndrom (Abkürzung NIH, deutsch nicht hier erfunden) beschreibt abwertend die Nichtbeachtung von bereits existierendem Wissen durch Unternehmen oder Institutionen aufgrund des Entstehungsortes. „Das NIH Syndrom stellt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • not invented here — adjective Invented outside ones own company (referring to the knee jerk dismissal of products, technologies, etc. that come from third parties) …   Wiktionary

  • Invented Here — is an opposite of Not Invented Here that occurs when management of an organisation is uncomfortable with innovation or development conducted in house. Reasons why this might be the case are varied, and range from a lack of confidence in the staff …   Wikipedia

  • Not-Invented-Here-Syndrom — Phänomen der Ablehnung von externen Entwicklungen durch Mitarbeiter eines Unternehmens. Aus der Ablehnung resultieren oftmals Ineffizienzen und Doppelentwicklungen, die u.a. bei Innovationskooperationen zu schwerwiegenden Problemen führen können …   Lexikon der Economics

  • Here Come the Double Deckers — Here Come the Double Deckers! Format Children s television series Created by Harry Booth Roy Simpson Glyn Jones Starring Michael Audreson Gillian Bailey Bruce Clark Peter Firth …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”