Salivation, Lacrimation, Urination, Defecation, Gastrointestinal upset, Emesis) is a syndrome of pathological effects indicative of massive discharge of the parasympathetic nervous system. Unlikely to occur naturally, SLUD is usually encountered only in cases of drug overdose or exposure to nerve gases. Nerve gases irreversibly inhibit the enzyme acetylcholinesterase; this results in a chronically high level of acetylcholine at cholinergicsynapses throughout the body, thus chronically stimulating acetylcholine receptors throughout the body. The symptoms of "SLUDGE" are due to chronic stimulation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, in organs and muscles innervated by the parasympathetic nervous system:
Salivation: stimulation of the salivary glands
Lacrimation: stimulation of the lacrimal glands
Urination: relaxation of the internal urinary sphincter, and contraction of the detrusor muscles
Defecation: relaxation of the internal anal sphincter
* Gastrointestinal upset: Smooth muscle tone changes causing gastrointestinal problems
Emesis: VomitingOne common cause of SLUDGE is exposure to organophosphorus insecticides, including parathion, malathion, and diazinon. These agents phosphorylateacetylcholinesterase, thereby raising acetylcholine levels and causing SLUDGE.
SLUD may be treated with
Atropineor other anticholinergics.SLUD is also "Semana Linux Universidad Distrital Francisco Jose de Caldas"
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