European Communities Act 1972 (UK)
- European Communities Act 1972 (UK)
Infobox UK Legislation
short_title=European Communities Act 1972
parliament=Parliament of the United Kingdom
long_title=An Act to make provision in connection with the enlargement of the European Communities to include the United Kingdom, together with (for certain purposes) the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and Gibraltar.
statute_book_chapter=1972 c. 68
territorial_extent=England and Wales; Scotland; Northern Ireland
royal_assent=17 October 1972
The European Communities Act (1972 c. 68) is the Act of the United Kingdom Parliament providing for the incorporation of European Community law into the domestic legal order of the United Kingdom. It is not to be confused with the European Communities Act 1972 (Ireland) which did the same thing for the Republic of Ireland.
Its main significance is that (apart from being the instrument whereby the UK was able to accede to the European Union (or 'European Communities' as then termed) it enables under section 2(2) for Government ministers to lay regulations before Parliament to implement required changes to UK law (for example, Decisions of the European Court of Justice and EU Directives). It also provides in S 2(4) that all UK legislation, including primary legislation (Acts of Parliament) shall have effect "subject to" directly applicable EC Law. In the famous Factortame case, the House of Lords (Lord Bridge) has interpreted this provision as inserting an implied clause into all UK statutes that they shall not apply where they conflict with European law, in what was seen as a major departure from the English constitutional doctrine of Parliamentary Sovereignty (see ).
The repeal of this Act would leave European Union law unenforceable in the UK, but the UK would still be bound by treaty obligations to the European Union.or|date=July 2008
* [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1972/19720068.htm#aofs Full text of the Act]
Look at other dictionaries:
European Communities Act 1972 — can refer to:*European Communities Act 1972 (UK) * European Communities Act 1972 (Ireland) … Wikipedia
European Communities Act 1972 (Ireland) — The European Communities Act 1972 is an act of the Oireachtas (Irish parliament) which incorporated the Treaty of Rome and the laws of the then European Community into the domestic law of the Republic of Ireland. The Act did not just just… … Wikipedia
European Communities (Finance) Act 2001 — Infobox UK Legislation short title=European Communities (Finance) Act 2001 parliament=Parliament of the United Kingdom long title=An Act to amend the definition of “the Treaties” and “the Community Treaties” in section 1(2) of the European… … Wikipedia
European Communities (Finance) Act 2008 — Infobox UK Legislation short title= European Communities (Finance) Act 2008 parliament=Parliament of the United Kingdom long title=An Act to amend the definition of “the Treaties” and “the Community Treaties” in section 1(2) of the European… … Wikipedia
United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975 — The United Kingdom referendum of 1975 was a post legislative referendum held on 5 June 1975 in the whole of the United Kingdom over whether there was support for it to stay in the European Economic Community, which it had entered in 1973, under… … Wikipedia
History of the European Communities (1945-1957) — The history of the European Communities between 1945 and 1957 saw the first moves towards European unity as the first bodies began to be established in the aftermath of the Second World War. In 1951 the first community, the European Coal and… … Wikipedia
European Union (Amendment) Act 2008 — Infobox UK Legislation short title=European Union (Amendment) Act 2008 parliament=United Kingdom Parliament long title=An Act to make provision in connection with the Treaty of Lisbon Amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty… … Wikipedia
European Economic Community — EEC redirects here. For other uses, see EEC (disambiguation). This article is about the multinational organization established in 1957 and became part of the first European Union pillar from 1993 to 2009. For the collective of the three European… … Wikipedia
European Coal and Steel Community — Danish: Det Europæiske Kul og Stålfællesskab Dutch … Wikipedia
European integration — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union … Wikipedia