Anointing with oil

Anointing with oil

Anointing with oil is a practice of some Protestant bodies for members who are ill. It is usually done at the member's request or that of a close family member, and is based on a passage found in the Epistle of James in the New Testament (James 5:14-15). The practice is very similar to what is called Anointing of the Sick in Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and some liturgical Protestant churches; the chief difference being that Protestants who do practice it do not see it as a church sacrament but rather a practice suggested more than commanded by Scripture.

Evangelical Protestants who engage in the practice differ among themselves about whether the person doing the anointing must be an ordained member of the clergy, whether the oil must necessarily be olive oil and have been previously specially consecrated, and upon other small details. Several Evangelical groups reject the practice as it is commonly associated with charismatic and Pentecostal groups (in which it is widely practiced), with which they do not wish to be identified.

Anointing by oil is also practiced by Elders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS), in blessing the sick, similar to the traditions of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

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  • oil, anointing with —  Елеопомазание …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Anointing — The Anointing of David, from the Paris Psalter, 10th century (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris). To anoint is to pour or smear with perfumed oil, milk, water, melted butter or other substances, a process employed ritually by many religions. People… …   Wikipedia

  • Oil of catechumens — Detail from the Seven Sacraments Altarpiece by Rogier van der Weyden. In the lower left the priest is anointing an infant before it is baptized. Oil of the Catechumens is the oil used in some traditional Christian churche …   Wikipedia

  • OIL OF LIFE — There appears to have been a tradition in certain circles according to which the tree of life in the Garden of Eden was an olive tree (a tradition which is not found in Talmud or Midrash, cf. Ber. 40a; Gen. R. 15:7). As a result there emerged the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Anointing of the Sick —    One of the seven sacraments, this anointing with oil blessed by a bishop is administered to a personduring a time of serious illness, prior to a serious medical procedure, or in danger of death. The Anointing of the Sick, which is administered …   Glossary of theological terms

  • ANOINTING — ANOINTING. The anointing of persons and objects with oil was widespread in ancient Israel and its environment for both practical and symbolical reasons. Its most practical usage was cosmetic, and for medicinal purposes (see cosmetics ). Aside… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Anointing of the Sick (Catholic Church) — Anointing of the Sick is the ritual anointing of a sick person and is a Sacrament of the Catholic Church. It is also described, using the more archaic synonym unction in place of anointing , as Unction of the Sick or Extreme Unction. [The Council …   Wikipedia

  • Anointing of the Sick — n. R.C.Ch. a sacrament in which a priest anoints with oil and prays for a person dying, in danger of death, or otherwise critically ill, infirm, or disturbed …   English World dictionary

  • Anointing — Anoint A*noint ([.a]*noint ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Anointed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Anointing}.] [OF. enoint, p. p. of enoindre, fr. L. inungere; in + ungere, unguere, to smear, anoint. See {Ointment}, {Unguent}.] 1. To smear or rub over with oil or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anointing of the sick — noun a Catholic sacrament; a priest anoints a dying person with oil and prays for salvation • Syn: ↑extreme unction, ↑last rites • Hypernyms: ↑sacrament * * * : extreme unction * * * Rom. Cath. Ch. a sacrament consisting of anointment with oil… …   Useful english dictionary

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