- Haughton impact crater
impact crateris located on Devon Island, Nunavutin far northern Canada. It is about 23 kilometres (14 mi) in diameter and formed about 39 million years ago (late Eocene). [http://www.unb.ca/passc/ImpactDatabase/images/haughton.htm Haughton] . "Earth Impact Database". Retrieved on 2007-02-18.] The impacting object is estimated to have been approximately two kilometres in diameter. Devon Island itself is composed of Paleozoic shaleand siltstoneoverlaying gneissic bedrock. When the crater formed, the shale and siltstone were peeled back to expose the basement; material from as deep as 1700 metres has been identified.
At 75° north latitude, it is one of the highest-latitude impact craters known. The temperature is below the freezing point of water for much of the year, and the limited vegetation is slow-growing, leading to very little
weathering. For this reason Haughton retains many geological features that lower-latitude craters lose to erosion.
Because Haughton's geology and climatology are as close to Mars-like as can be had on Earth, Haughton and its environs have been dubbed by scientists working there as "Mars on Earth." For example the center of the crater contains impact
breccia(ejected rock which has fallen back into the impact zone and partially re-welded) that is permeated with permafrost, thus creating a close analog to what may be expected at crater sites on a cold, wet Mars. The Mars Instituteand SETIoperate the Haughton-Mars Projectat this site, designed to test many of the challenges of life and work on Mars.
Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station
* [http://www.marsonearth.org/about/devon.html Devon Island & Haughton Crater - Arctic-Mars.org]
* [http://cmex-www.arc.nasa.gov/CMEX/Haughton%20Crater.html Haughton Crater Concept Map]
* [http://www.arctic-mars.org/ESSICK/ Peter Essick Photo Essay]
* [http://www.fmars2007.com/ Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (FMARS), The Mars Society]
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