Arrow heads

Arrow heads

Arrow heads are sharpened or flintknapped stones, flakes, and chips of rock that are sharpened enough for the tip of an arrow. Prehistoric peoples often used various stone spear heads and arrow heads for their weapons and hunting tools. A wide variety of prehistoric arrow heads have been found in each region of the world, and there are distinct changes over time. Arrow heads differ from other stone tools in that the only part of the arrow or spear that has survived for thousands of years is the stone tip, or stone arrow head. The arrow head itself was not a tool, and the prehistoric tools of bows, arrows, and spears are not as easy to find.

Archaeology and Anthropology often involve the study of remnants of the surviving parts of stone tools to date, cataloque, and categorize specific periods of human cultures over thousands of years. Arrow heads and flint chips can survive for long periods, are plentiful, were often lost, and provide useful clues to the human past and prehistoric trade. Scientific techniques exist to track the specific kinds of rock or minerals used in various regions, back to their original sources.


A variety of arrow heads and spear points have been discovered in North America. Some of the most interesting involve the copper points that were mined from copper veins in the Lake Superior region and elsewhere. In addition, quartz, flint, obsidian and many other minerals were commonly used to make arrow heads and other stone tools. The prehistoric trade of copper across the continent seems to be widespread, along with shells like cowries and other trade items. you can also have a different type called asphault.

The oldest Arrow Heads found in North America are from the Paleo time period dating back 9,000 to 12,000 years ago. Some of the more famous types include Clovis, Folsom and Dalton points. []

Types of Arrowheads have become more specified over the last 20 years. Greg Perino, a foremost research in identifying these types, began his categorical study of projectile point typology in the late 1950's. Collaborating with Robert Bell; Greg and Bell published a set of four volumes defining the known point types of that time. Greg was to follow several years later with his three-volume set of "Selected Preforms, Points and Knives of the North American Indians." These books represent a typological bedrock in our understanding of how projectile points changed through time and how they varied regionally. These books reside on the bookshelves of avocational and professional archaeologists alike. [] []

One contemporary reference to creating arrowheads is "Flintknapping; Making and understanding stone tools", author John C. Whittaker, University of Texas Press.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Texas Arrow Heads — ProCricket Team Infobox team name=Texas Arrow Heads bg color=Red title color=Blue conference=Western logo= founded=2004 home ground=University of Houston Cougar Field hometown=Houston team colors=Red Blue head coach= conference champs=None champs …   Wikipedia

  • Arrow poison — Arrow poisons are used to poison arrow heads or darts for the purposes of hunting. They have been used by hunter gatherer peoples worldwide and are still in use in areas of South America, Africa and Asia. Notable examples are the poisons secreted …   Wikipedia

  • Arrow Lakes — The Arrow Lakes in British Columbia, Canada, divided into Upper Arrow Lake and Lower Arrow Lake, are widenings of the Columbia River. The lakes are situated between the Selkirk Mountains to the east and the Monashee Mountains to the west.… …   Wikipedia

  • Arrow — An arrow is a pointed projectile that is shot with a bow. It predates recorded history and is common to most cultures. Structure A normal arrow consists of a shaft with an arrowhead attached to the front end, with fletchings and a nock at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Arrow of Brahma — The Arrow of Brahma is from Indian Hindu mythology. It is also an implement in a ritual of the Theravada Buddhists. Hindu MythologyIn Hindu mythology, the demi god Rama (Ramachandra) faced the demon king of Sri Lanka, Ravana. Rama shot arrows and …   Wikipedia

  • Iron Arrow Honor Society — The Iron Arrow Honor Society is a secret society and honor society at the University of Miami in Coral Gables, Florida. Induction and membership in the society is the highest honor that can be bestowed by the University on a University of Miami… …   Wikipedia

  • List of heads of state of Hungary — President of the Republic of Hungary Standard of the President …   Wikipedia

  • CF-105 Arrow — Infobox Aircraft name= CF 105 Arrow type= Interceptor manufacturer= Avro Aircraft Limited (Canada) caption= Photo from the Canadian Department of National Defence designer= first flight= 25 March 1958 introduction= retired= status= Cancelled 20… …   Wikipedia

  • Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow — CF 105 Arrow Photo from the Canadian Department of National Defence Role Interceptor …   Wikipedia

  • Ronnie Arrow — College coach infobox Name = Ronnie Arrow Sport = Basketball | ImageWidth = Caption = DateOfBirth = birth date and age|1947|08|28 Birthplace = flagicon|United States Houston, Texas DateOfDeath = Deathplace = College = South Alabama Title = Head… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”