Great Bitter Lake

Great Bitter Lake

Infobox lake
lake_name = Great Bitter Lake
image_lake = Great Bitter Lake from space (hires).jpg
caption_lake =
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location =
coords = coord|30|20|N|32|23|E|region:EG_type:waterbody|display=inline,title
type = salt water lake
inflow = Suez Canal
outflow = Suez Canal
catchment =
basin_countries = Egypt
length =
width =
area =
depth =
max-depth =
volume =
residence_time =
shore =
elevation = 0
islands =
cities =
The Great Bitter Lake (Arabic: البحيرة المرة الكبرى; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra al-Kubra) is a salt water lake between the north and south part of the Suez Canal. It is adjoined by the Small Bitter Lake (Arabic: البحيرة المرة الصغرى; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra as-Sughra). Together, the Bitter Lakes have a surface area of about 250 km². To the north, the canal also runs through Lake Manzala and Lake Timsah.

As the canal has no locks, sea water flows freely into the lake from the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, replacing water lost to evaporation. The lake acts as a buffer for the canal, reducing the effect of tidal currents.

On February 14, 1945, on the Great Bitter Lake, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, having flown directly from the Yalta Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin, met on board the naval cruiser USS "Quincy" with Saudi Arabia's King Abdul Aziz. President Roosevelt's interpreter was U.S. Marine Corps Colonel Bill Eddy who recorded the mens' conversation in his book "FDR Meets Ibn Saud".

During the Six-Day War in 1967, the canal was closed, leaving 14 ships trapped in the lake until 1975. These ships became known as the "Yellow Fleet", because of the desert sands which soon covered their decks. A number of local postage stamps (or rather, decorative labels, since they had no postal validity) were created by the crews, which are sought after by collectors.


External links

* [ Melampus in Suez] - the tale of a sailor of the "MS Melampus", one of the ships trapped in the lake in 1967.

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