Henry III Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé

Henry III Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé

Henri Jules de Bourbon-Condé (Henry III Jules, Prince of Condé) (July 29, 1643April 1 1709) was Prince de Condé, from 1686 to his death. As a young man, he bore the courtesy title of Duc de Bourbon. He was the son of Louis II of Bourbon, "Le Grand Condé", and his wife, Claire Clémence de Maillé Brézé, a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang.

Life

He was destined for a military career and was in 1673 in charge of the Rhine front. But this was just in name, because Henry lacked the military skills of his father. He was well educated but had a malicious character. At the end of his life he suffered from clinical lycanthropy and was considered insane.

Children

He married Anne of Bavaria in the Chapel of the Palais du Louvre, on December 1663. The bride was the daughter of Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern, a prince of the Palatine. Her mother was the famous political hostess, Anna Gonzaga. The couple had 10 children overall:

# Marie-Thérèse de Bourbon-Condé, "Mademoiselle de Bourbon": Born in Paris 1666 died in 1732, married at Versailles, on January 22 1688 to François Louis de Bourbon-Conti. Had issue;
# Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc de Bourbon: Born in Paris November 5 1667; died July 5 1670 ;
# Anne de Bourbon-Condé, "Mademoiselle d’Enghien", Born in Paris November 11 1670, died May 27 1675 ;
# Louis III de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien, future prince de Condé: Born 1668 and died in 1710 ; Married the daughter of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon. Had issue;
# Henri de Bourbon, comte de Clermont: Born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1672 and died 1675 ;
# Louis-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, comte de la Marche: Born November 9 1673, died in Paris 1675 ;
# Anne-Marie-Victoire de Bourbon-Condé, "Mademoiselle d’Enghien" then "Mademoiselle de Condé": Born August 11 1675, died in Paris October 23 1700 ;
# Anne-Louise-Bénédicte de Bourbon-Condé, "Mademoiselle d’Enghien" then "Mademoiselle de Charolais": Born November 1676, died January 23 1753 : Married at Versailles in 1692 to Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine ;
# Marie Anne de Bourbon-Condé, "Mademoiselle de Montmorency" then "Mademoiselle d’Enghien": 1678 - 1718. Married Louis Joseph de Bourbon, the duc de Vendôme ;
# N. de Bourbon-Condé, Mademoiselle de Clermont: 1679 - 1680.

He was succeeded by his only son, Louis III, Prince of Condé.

Title


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