- Muhammad, Khwarezm-Shah
Abu'l Harith Muhammad was Khwarazm Shah for a period in 1017. The son of Abu al-Hasan Ali, he was the last member of the Iranian Ma'munid dynasty to rule Khwarazm.
In 1017 a young Muhammad was declared shah by the murderers of his uncle Abu'l Abbas Mamun. Mahmud of Ghazna, who had been Ma'mun's brother-in-law, was afforded a pretext for invading and a force was assembled in northern Khurasan. The Khwarazamis were unable to provide any effective resistance, and Muhammad was captured and imprisoned; Khwarazm therefore became a part of the Ghaznavid Empire. After taking vengeance on the Ma'mun's murderers Mahmud installed a Turk, the hajib Altun Tash, as governor of the province.
- Bosworth, C. E. "Al-e Ma'mun." Encyclopædia Iranica. 25 September 2006. <http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v1f7/v1f7a099.html>
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