Rafael Alberti

Rafael Alberti

Rafael Alberti Merello (El Puerto de Santa María, December 16, 1902 - October 28, 1999) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27. Alberti published his first books of poetry towards the end of the 1920s: "Marinero en tierra" ('Sailor on Dry Land', 1925), "La Amante" ('The Mistress', 1926) and "El alba del alhelí" ('The Dawn of the Wallflower', 1927). This early work fell broadly into the Cancionero tradition, though from a markedly avant-garde perspective.

After falling in with the other members of the Generation of '27, Alberti began to show the profound influence of Luis de Góngora on his work, most obviously in "Cal y canto" ('Quicklime and Plainsong', 1929). It was, however, the introspective surrealism of "Sobre los ángeles" ('Concerning the Angels', 1929), whose tone was perhaps anticipated by some of the more sombre moments of "Cal y canto", that established Alberti as a mature poet. "Sobre los ángeles" is widely considered to be Alberti's best work.

During the 1930s Alberti's work became overtly political, beginning with "Con los zapatos puestos tengo que morir" ('I Have to Die Wearing my Own Shoes', 1930). The establishment of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931 pushed Alberti towards Marxism and he joined the Communist Party of Spain. His poetry from this militant period is collected in "Consignas" ('Orders', 1933), "Un fantasma recorre Europa" ('A Ghost Stalks Europe', 1933), "13 bandas y 48 estrellas" ('13 Stripes and 48 Stars', 1936) and "El poeta en la calle" ('Poet in the Street', 1938).

A Loyalist in the Spanish Civil War, Alberti fled to Argentina following the victory of Franco in 1939. Here he worked for the Losada publishing house and continued writing and painting. His work in exile is full of nostalgia for Spain, notably the poetry collection "Entre el clavel y la espada" ('Between Carnation and Sword', 1941). He also published collections inspired by various themes, including painting ("A la pintura" ('On Painting', 1945))--Alberti had briefly been a painter before turning to writing--and the sea ("Pleamar" ('High Tide', 1944), "Oda marítima" ('Maritime Ode', 1953)). His autobiography, "La arboleda perdida" ('The Lost Grove') was published in 1942.

After living in various European cities, including Paris and Rome, he returned to Spain in 1977. Shortly after his return Alberti was elected deputy for Cadiz in the First Legislature on the Communist Party Ticket.

Alberti's plays include "El hombre deshabitado" ('The Empty Man', 1930), "Fermín Galán" (1931), "De un momento a otro" ('From One Moment to Another', 1938-39), "El trébol florido" ('Clover', 1940), "El adefesio" ('The Disaster', 1944) and "Noche de guerra en el Museo del Prado" ('A Night of War in the Prado Museum', 1956), as well as adaptions and other short pieces.

Alberti was awarded the Premio Cervantes, the Spanish literary world's highest honour, in 1983. He was also awarded Lenin Peace Prize for the year 1965. He died at the age of 96 from a lung ailment.

External links

* [http://www.rafaelalberti.es/ Rafael Alberti Foundation, Spanish and English]
* [http://www.poesia-inter.net/index.html Poesía - Poetry]
* [http://cvc.cervantes.es/actcult/alberti/default.htm Rafael Alberti, Centro Virtual Cervantes]
* [http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/bib_autor/alberti/ Portal de Rafael Alberti] Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
* [http://www.poeticas.es/?p=216 Poemas de Rafael Alberti]
* [http://www.poesiaspoemas.com/rafael-alberti Poemas de Rafael Alberti]
* [http://letrasletradas.blogspot.com/2007/12/alberti.html Poema de Rafael Alberti]
* [http://www.vivir-poesia.com/2003/04/rafael-alberti/ La poesía de Rafael Alberti. Parte de su Obra.]
* [http://www.poemasde.net/poemas-de-rafael-alberti/ Colección de Poemas ]
* [http://bolboreta.net/category/rafael-alberti/ Rafael Alberti - Colección de poemas]


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  • Rafael Alberti — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Alberti. Rafael Alberti Rafael Alberti (1968) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rafaël Alberti — Rafael Alberti Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alberti. Rafael Alberti Rafael Alberti Merello (16 décembre 190 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rafael Alberti — (* 16. Dezember 1902 in El Puerto de Santa María, Provinz Cádiz; † 27. Oktober 1999 in El Puerto de Santa María) war ein spanischer Dichter. Er wird der sogenannten Generación del 27 zugerechnet, die nach dem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rafael Alberti — Merello (El Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz), 16 de diciembre de 1902 28 de octubre de 1999) fue un poeta español. Cabe distinguir cinco momentos en la lírica albertiana: neopopularismo, gongorismo, surrealismo, poesía política y poesía de la nos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rafael Alberti — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alberti. Rafael Alberti Rafael Alberti Merello (16 décembre 1902 à El Puerto de Santa María …   Wikipédia en Français

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