Perineal body

Perineal body

Infobox Anatomy
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = corpus perineale, centrum tendineum perinei
GraySubject = 249
GrayPage = 1185


Caption = Muscles of the female perineum.


Caption2 = Muscles of male perineum.
System =
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre = c_56
DorlandsSuf = 12260742
The perineal body (or central tendon of perineum) is a pyramidal fibromuscular mass in the middle line of the perineum at the junction between the urogenital triangle and the anal triangle . It is found in both males and females. In males, it is found between the bulb of penis and the anus; in females, is found between the vagina and anus, and about 1.25 cm in front of the latter.

The perineal body is essential for the integrity of the pelvic floor, particularly in females. Its rupture during delivery leads to widening of the gap between the anterior free borders of levator ani muscle of both sides, thus predisposing the woman to prolapse of the uterus, rectum, or even the urinary bladder.

Attachments

At this point, the following muscles converge and are attached:
* External anal sphincter
* Bulbospongiosus
* Superficial transverse perineal muscle
* Anterior fibers of the levator ani
* fibers from external urinary sphincter
* Deep transverse perineal muscle

See also

* Central tendon of thoracic diaphragm

External links

* - "The Male Perineum and the Penis: Muscles of the Superficial Perineal Pouch"


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