Pilea pumila

Pilea pumila

Taxobox
name = Clearweed



image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Pilea pumila"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Rosales
familia = Urticaceae
genus = "Pilea"
species = "P. pumila"
binomial = "Pilea pumila"

"Pilea pumila", known as Clearweed, Canadian clearweed, Coolwort, or Richweed is an annual plant native to most of North America east of the Rockies. The plants are generally erect, 10 to 70 cm tall, often occurring in large colonies, and are quite common throughout their range both as a woodland plant and a weed of gardens.

The foliage is opposite, simple with dentate margins, wrinkly (with depressed veins), ovate, and with long petioles. Both the leaves and stems are translucent and bright green, turning bright yellow in autumn. The flowers are small, borne in axillary cymes, unisexual with both genders occurring on the same plant, greenish yellow, and pollinated by wind. Flowers bloom from midsummer through early autumn. Fruits (achenes) are green with purple markings. Roots are fibrous, shallow, and adventitious off the stem in moist areas or when in contact with the soil.

The plant is often mistaken for stinging nettle or Urtica dioica, but can be distinguished by the lack of trichomes, or stinging hairs, and the lower amount of branching of the inflorescences.

This plant is most often found in rich, moist soils in both sunny and shaded locations. It is sometimes grown as a ground cover or for attracting deer.

References

*P. D. Strausbaugh and Earl L. Core. "Flora of West Virginia". 2nd ed. Seneca Books Inc., 1964. ISBN 0-89092-010-9, page 318
*Ann Fouler Rhoads and Timothy A. Block. "The Plants of Pennsylvania". University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8122-3535-5, page 694
*Hortus Third, page 873
* [http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/woodland/plants/clearweed.htm Illinoiswildflowers.info] ]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pilea pumila — Pilea pumila …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pilea pumila — Pilea pumila …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pilea pumila — Richweed Rich weed , n. (Bot.) An herb ({Pilea pumila}) of the Nettle family, having a smooth, juicy, pellucid stem; called also {clearweed}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pilea pumila — ID 63802 Symbol Key PIPU2 Common Name Canadian clearweed Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pilea pumila var. pumila — ID 63804 Symbol Key PIPUP Common Name Canadian clearweed Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pilea pumila var. deamii — ID 63803 Symbol Key PIPUD Common Name Deam s clearweed Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, IA, KS, KY, LA, NY, OK, TX Growth Habit Forb/herb …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray var. pumila — Symbol PIPUP Common Name Canadian clearweed Botanical Family Urticaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray var. pumila — Symbol PIPUP Common Name Canadian clearweed Botanical Family Urticaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray — Symbol PIPU2 Common Name Canadian clearweed Botanical Family Urticaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray var. deamii (Lunell) Fernald — Symbol PIPUD Common Name Deam s clearweed Botanical Family Urticaceae …   Scientific plant list

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