Cape Grysbok

Cape Grysbok

Taxobox | name = Cape Grysbok
status = LC
status_system = IUCN3.1

image_caption = Male, southern South Africa
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Artiodactyla
familia = Bovidae
genus = "Raphicerus"
species = "R. melanotis"
binomial = "Raphicerus melanotis"
binomial_authority = Thunberg, 1811

Cape or Southern Grysbok ("Raphicerus melanotis") is a small antelope that is endemic to the Western Cape region of South Africa between Albany and the Cedarberg Mountains.

It has a rough, reddish sandy coat flecked in white. The head, neck and legs are less flecked and somewhat yellowish, while the inside of the ears, eye-rings, mouth area, throat and underside are white. There is a black "bridge" to the nose and a dark scent gland in front of the eye. It stands only 21" (45–55 cm) at the shoulder and weighs slightly more than 20 pounds (8–12 kg). The tail of the Cape Grysbok is almost invisible (4–8 cm). Males have short, sharp, straight horns about 8 cm long, which are smooth. The Cape Grysbok can fluff out the fur at its rear end to make itself look bigger. It has a short and almost invisible tail.

The Cape Grysbok's native habitat is the "Fynbos biome" (Cape Floristic Region), and it inhabits thick shrubland. It can sometimes be found browsing orchards and vineyards. It may also be found in reed beds and along the riverbed of the southern Karoo.

The species is probably territorial—sightings are mostly of individual animals.

Lambs are born in the southern summer after a gestation period of about 6 months. They stay hidden and grow fast.

Cape Grysbok is a browser. It can apparently go without drinking water for long periods, gaining most of its requirements from its food. It is primarily nocturnal, though it may be seen during early morning and late evening during the southern winter.

The similar Sharpe's Grysbok ("Raphicerus sharpei") can be found in south-eastern Africa. The primary physical difference between the two grysboks is that Sharpe's has a pair of "false hooves" above the fetlocks.


Kingdon, Jonathan. 1997. "The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals". Academic Press, San Diego & London. Pp. 386-387. (ISBN 0-12-408355-2)

External links

* [ Photo of a Cape Grysbok]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grysbok — A grysbok is a type of African antelope. The term can refer to either:* Sharpe s or Northern Grysbok, found in southeastern Africa; or * Cape or Southern Grysbok, found in the Cape region of South Africa …   Wikipedia

  • Sharpe's Grysbok — Female, Kruger National Park Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Milnerton Racecourse Nature Reserve — Formerly Royal Ascot Conservation Area …   Wikipedia

  • List of mammals in South Africa — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in South Africa. There are 299 mammal species in South Africa, of which 2 are critically endangered, 11 are endangered, 15 are vulnerable, and 13 are near threatened.2 of the species listed for South… …   Wikipedia

  • Sika Deer — Not to be confused with Sitka deer. Sika Deer Male (stag) …   Wikipedia

  • Neotragini — Suni Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • Bontebok — This article is about the antelope. For the Dutch village, see Bontebok, Heerenveen. Bontebok Bontebok in Etosha National Park, Namibia Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Cattle — Cow redirects here. For other uses, see Cow (disambiguation). For other uses, see Cattle (disambiguation). Cattle …   Wikipedia

  • Bushbuck — This article is about the Bushbuck antelope. For the 1991 computer game, see BushBuck Charms, Viking Ships Dodo Eggs. Bushbuck (Imbabala and Kéwel) Male Tragelaphus sylvaticus, Zambia …   Wikipedia

  • Common Eland — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”