Strauss or Strauß is a common German surname. It occurs in the spellings Strauß, Strauss, Straus, Strouse (an English transliteration), or Štraus (a Czech or Serbian/Bosnian/Croatian transliteration). In Switzerland, and outside the German-speaking countries, "Strauß" is usually spelled "Strauss", since the letter "ß" exists only in the German alphabet, but is not used in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. Possible misspellings include Straub and Stras. Commonly misinterpreted as Straße or Strasse, the German word for street, many emigrants to America or England were renamed Street.

The origin of the name lies possibly in the Middle High German word "strûz", meaning "fight". Alternatively, it may have been adopted for individuals with a long neck, in allusion to "straussenvogel", i.e. an "ostrich".


* Kim Strauss (aka "Kurt Strauss"), actor and a voice actor
* Peter Strauss (born 1947), American actor
* Robert Strauss, American actor and Best Supporting Actor Oscar Nominee


* Isidor Straus (aka Isador Straus), owner of "R.H. Macy Co." and US Representative; he and his wife Ida, died when the RMS "Titanic" sank.
* Levi (Loeb) Strauss (1829–1902), Bavaria-born American entrepreneur known for blue jeans.
* Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss (1896-1974) American businessman and chairman of the "United States Atomic Energy Commission".

* Harry L. Straus, American electrical engineer, horse and cattle breeder, sportsman, entrepreneur and computer pioneer.

* Nathan Straus, German-American Jewish merchant and philanthropist. Brother of Isador Straus
* Roger W. Straus, Jr., co-founder of New York book publishing company "Farrar, Straus and Giroux".



* Christoph Strauss (around 1580–1631), composer.
* Franz Strauss (1822–1905), horn player and composer (Father of Richard Strauss).
* Isaac Strauss, French composer.
* Richard Strauss (1864–1949), German composer of the Late Romantic, perhaps best known for his tone poems
* Oscar Straus (1870–1954), Austrian composer of operettas.

* Charles Strouse (1928- ), an American composer.

trauss family

Austrian family of composers associated with the "Viennese waltz":
* Johann Strauss Senior, the Elder, Father (1804–1849)
∞ 1825 Maria Anna Streim (1801–1870)
** Johann Strauss Junior, the Younger, Son, the "Waltz King" (1825–1899)
∞ 1. 1862 Henriette Chalupetzky (1818–1878)
∞ 2. 1878 Angelika Dittrich (1850–1919), divorced 1882
∞ 3. 1882 Adele Deutsch (1856–1930)
** Anna Strauß (1829–1903)
** Therese Strauß (1831–1915)
** Ferdinand Strauß (1834–1834)
** Josef Strauss (1827–1870)
∞ 1857 Caroline Pruckmayer (1831–1900)
** Eduard Strauss (1835–1916)
∞ Maria Klenkhart (1840–1921)
*** Johann Strauss III (1866–1939)


* Ludwig Straus, Hungarian-Austrian violinist.
* Sylvia Straus, pianist.
* James Strauss (flutist)
* Matt Straus, American trombonist

Philosophers, theologians and academicians

* Anselm L. Strauss (1916–1996), American sociologist.
* Donald B. Straus (1916-), American educator, author, political advisor
* Leo Strauss (1899–1973), political philosopher.
* Otto Strauss (1881–), German philosopher.
* David Strauss ("David Friedrich Strauss") ("Strauß", 1808–1874), theologian and writer.
* James Strauss (1929–), American theologian and professor.
* Jon Strauss, former president of Harvey Mudd College
* William Strauss, writer and theorist.
* Adolf Strauss, Hungarian geographer and ethnologist.
* Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–), French anthropologist.
* Ernst G. Straus (1922–1983), mathematician and assistant to Albert Einstein
* Erwin Straus (1891–1975), phenomenologist and neurologist of European origin.
* Eric Strauss (1960-), American biologist, professor at Boston College


* Franz Josef Strauß (1915–1988), German politician
* Annette Strauss (1924-1998), philanthropist and former mayor of Dallas.
* Charles Strauss, French jurist and politician; born at Gundershoffen
* Paul Strauss
* Robert Schwarz Strauss, American political figure, former chair of the Democratic National Committee and former Ambassador to Russia and the former Soviet Union.
* Meyer Strouse ("Meyer Strauss"), American lawyer and politician; born in Germany
* Oscar Solomon Straus, Jewish "Secretary of Commerce and Labor" under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1906 to 1909.


* Andrew Strauss (born 1977), English cricketer
* Astrid Strauss (born 1968), East German swimmer
* Bruce Strauss (born 1952), American boxer
* Sagi Strauss (born 1976), Israeli footballer
* Tom Strauss (born 1953), Canadian Standerbred Horse Driver

Writers and journalists

* David Friedrich Strauss (1808–1874), theologian and writer.
* Darin Strauss (born 1970), American writer.
* Emil Strauß (1866-1960), German writer.
* Gustave Louis Maurice Strauss, British author; born at Trois-Rivières, Canada.
* Mark Strauss, American journalist.
* Neil Strauss, journalist and author.
* Victoria Strauss, fantasy author.
* William Strauss, writer and theorist.
* Lulu von Strauss und Torney (1873-1956), German writer
* Victor Friedrich von Strauss und Torney (1809-1899), German writer
* Jean Strouse, an American biography writer.


* Adolf Strauß, German general in command of 2nd Army Corps in the 1939 Battle of Tuchola Forest
* Joseph Baerman Strauss (1870–1938), chief engineer of the "Golden Gate Bridge".
* Joseph Strauss (rabbi) (born 1848), English rabbi.
* Harry "Pittsburgh Phil" Strauss (1909-1941), prolific contract killer for Murder, Inc. in the 1930s.
* Maayan Strauss (born 1983), an Israeli artist.
* Rahel Straus (née Goitein; 1880-1963), first woman trained at a German university to become a medical doctor; feminist, Zionist and social worker.
* Jack "Treetop" Straus, American professional poker player.
* Jael Strauss, contestant of America's Next Top Model, Cycle 8
* Ivan Štraus (born 1928), contemporary architect from Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina

Fictional people

* Justice Strauss, fictional character from A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket.
* Pvt Johann Strauss, marine technician from the popular FPS Quake 4.

Buildings and companies

* "Bobbs-Merrill Co. v. Straus", a United States Supreme Court decision concerning the scope of rights accorded owners of a copyright.
* Oscar Straus Memorial, a memorial in Washington, DC commemorates the accomplishments of Oscar Solomon Straus.
* Straus Hall is one of the dormitories housing first-year students at Harvard College.
* Abraham & Straus was a major New York City department store.
* Farrar, Straus and Giroux is an American book publishing company.
* Levi Strauss & Co.
* Strauss-Elite, a dairy products manufacturer in Israel
* Franz-Josef-Strauß-Flughafen, i. e. Munich International Airport

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • STRAUSS (R.) — Compositeur et chef d’orchestre allemand doté d’une belle longévité et ayant traversé maintes époques charnières de l’histoire de la musique, contemporain de Berlioz et de Boulez, de Brahms et de Stockhausen, de la création de Pelléas et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • STRAUSS (L.) — Né à Kirchhain dans la Hesse en Allemagne, Leo Strauss fut élevé comme juif orthodoxe et reçut par ailleurs l’éducation du Gymnasium. Il fit ses études aux universités de Marbourg et de Hambourg. Après son doctorat consacré à Jacobi, il passa une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • STRAUSS (D. F.) — Théologien et exégète allemand, Strauss se rendit célèbre par sa Vie de Jésus , dont l’énorme retentissement lui ferma définitivement toute carrière ecclésiastique ou universitaire. La défense et l’illustration de ses idées l’amenèrent, peu à peu …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Strauss —   1) Leo Philosoph, * Kirchhain 20. 9. 1899, ✝ Annapolis (Maryland) 18. 10. 1973; Schüler von E. Cassirer, E. Husserl und M. Heidegger; 1925 32 Mitarbeiter der Akademie für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin. Lebte seit 1938 in den USA …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Strauss — o Strauß apellido de origen alemán bastante común en los países donde se habla tal idioma. Existen variantes como Straus, Strouse, (transliteraciones que ocurren en zonas de habla inglesa y francesa), o Štraus (transliteración en checo y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Strauss — Strauss, David Friedrich Strauss, Franz Josef Strauss, Johann Strauss, Johann Strauss, Richard * * * (as used in expressions) Levi Strauss & Co. Lévi Strauss, Claude Strauss, Franz Josef Strauss, Johann (Baptist) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • STRAUSS (F. J.) — STRAUSS FRANZ JOSEF (1915 1988) Après l’effondrement du Reich, Franz Josef Strauss quitte le professorat pour devenir député au parlement de Bavière. En 1949, il est élu au premier parlement fédéral. Il joue un rôle important dans la formation du …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • STRAUSS (B.) — STRAUSS BOTHO (1944 ) Né en 1944, Botho Strauss a été critique à la grande revue dramatique allemande Theater heute avant de collaborer comme «dramaturge» aux spectacles de la Schaubühne de Berlin, dirigée par son ami Peter Stein. C’est pour lui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Strauss — Strauss, Jo|hann (1825 99) an Austrian ↑composer who wrote more than 400 ↑waltzes including the very popular Blue Danube and Tales from the Vienna Woods Strauss 2 Strauss, Richard (1864 1949) a German ↑composer whose best known works are his… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Strauss|i|an — «STROW see uhn», adjective, noun. –adj. of or having to do with the German musical composer and conductor Richard Strauss (1864 1949) or his musical style, theories, or compositions. –n. a follower of Richard Strauss or his works …   Useful english dictionary

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