Sherman Adams

Sherman Adams

Infobox Governor
name = Llewelyn Sherman Adams


order = 77th
office = Governor of New Hampshire
term_start = January 6, 1949
term_end = January 1, 1953
lieutenant =
predecessor = Charles M. Dale
successor = Hugh Gregg
order2 = 2nd
office2 = White House Chief of Staff
term_start2 = 1953
term_end2 = 1958
president2 = Dwight D. Eisenhower
predecessor2= John R. Steelman
successor2 = Wilton Persons
state3 = New Hampshire
district3 = 2nd
term_start3 = January 3, 1945
term_end3 = January 3, 1947
preceded3 = Foster Waterman Stearns
succeeded3 = Norris H. Cotton
birth_date = January 8, 1899
birth_place = Windham County, Vermont
death_date = death date and age |1986|10|27|1899|1|8
death_place = Hanover, New Hampshire
party = Republican
spouse = Rachel Leona White
profession =
religion =

Llewelyn Sherman Adams (January 8, 1899 - October 27, 1986) was an American politician, best known as White House Chief of Staff for President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the culmination of a relatively short (18-year) political career that also included a stint as Governor of New Hampshire. He lost his White House position in a scandal over a vicuña fur coat.

Early life

Born in East Dover, Vermont, Adams was educated in Providence, Rhode Island public schools, graduating from Hope High School. He received an undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College (1920), having taken time off briefly for a six-month World War I stint in the United States Marine Corps. He then went into the lumber business, first in Headville, Vermont (1921), then to a combined lumber and paper business in Lincoln, New Hampshire. He also was involved in banking.

Political beginnings

Adams entered state politics as a Republican legislator (1941-44; Speaker of the House, 1944). He served a term in the United States House of Representatives (1945-47), making a failed effort to capture the 1946 Republican gubernatorial nomination in New Hampshire. He lost to incumbent, Charles M. Dale; he later won this office in 1948.

New Hampshire governorship

When Adams took office as governor, New Hampshire was suffering post-war recession. He called for frugality and thrift in both personal and state expenditures. Retirees were (and are) a significant part of New Hampshire's population; Adams called for increased state aid for the aged, and for legislation which would enable the state's seniors to qualify for Federal Old Age & Survivors Insurance. In 1950 he formed a Reorganization Committee to recommend changes in state operations, and he called for the legislature to act on the recommendations.

Adams's clipped New Hampshire twang and calls for frugality made him a virtual poster boy for Republican balanced budget values of the time. He served as chairman of the U.S. Conference of Governors (1951-52), and was then asked to be White House Chief of Staff for the new Republican president, Dwight D. Eisenhower.

White House Chief of Staff

Adams took his role as Chief of Staff very seriously; with the exception of Cabinet members and certain NSC advisors, all requests for access to Eisenhower had to go through his office. This alienated traditional Republican Party loyalists. Adams was one of the most powerful men in Washington D.C. during the six years he served as Chief of Staff to President Eisenhower. Because of Eisenhower's highly formalized staff structure, it appeared to many that he had virtual control over White House staff operations and domestic policy (a 1956 article in Time Magazine entitled "OK, S.A." advanced this perception). The extent of internal strife between strong willed personalities was chronicled in his 1961 memoir "First Hand Report". Among the heated conflicts within the Eisenhower administration were the best method to handle flamboyant personalities such as U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy and anti-Communist crusader Whittaker Chambers. Adams was a frequent broker of such controversies. When Adams resigned in 1958, and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles died the same year, the administration went into a two year period that lacked direction. Author and movie critic Michael Medved wrote a book on Presidential aides called The Shadow Presidents. He mentioned Adams was probably the most powerful Presidential Chief of Staff in history. He told of a joke that circulated around Washington in the 1950s. Two Democrats were talking and one said "Wouldn't it be terrible if Eisenhower died and Nixon became President?". The other replied "Wouldn't it be terrible if Sherman Adams died and Eisenhower became President!".

Overcoat scandal

Adams was pressured to resign in 1958, when a House subcommittee revealed Adams had accepted an expensive vicuña overcoat and oriental rug [http://www.nndb.com/people/357/000094075/ Sherman Adams ] ] from Bernard Goldfine, a Boston textile manufacturer who was being investigated for Federal Trade Commission violations. Goldfine, who had business with the Federal Government, was cited for contempt of Congress when he refused to answer questions regarding his relationship with Adams [ [http://www.crisispapers.org/blogs-ep/409.htm] [http://www.historyforsale.com/html/prodetails.asp?documentid=26624&start=1&page=150] . ] The story was first reported to the public by muckraking journalist Jack Anderson.

Post-political life

Adams returned to Lincoln, New Hampshire where he started Loon Mountain Corporation, today a major ski resort. He died in 1986. His remains are buried at Riverside Cemetery, also in Lincoln.

Family

Adams was married to Rachel White in 1923. They had one son, Samuel, and three daughters, Jean, Sarah, and Marion.

ee also

References

External links

* [http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/listofholdingshtml/finding_aids_a.html Records of Sherman Adams, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library]
* [http://www.state.nh.us/nhdhr/glikeness/adamsher.html]
*CongBio|A000046 Retrieved on 2008-04-02


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sherman Adams — Sherman A. Adams (* 8. Januar 1899 in East Dover, Windham County, Vermont; † 27. Oktober 1986 in Hanover, New Hampshire) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, der durch sein Amt als Stabschef des Weißen Hauses unter Präsident Dwight D. Eisenhower… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adams (Familienname) — Adams ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name stammt vom hebräischen Namen Adam ab. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sherman Yellen — (born February 25, 1932 in New York City) is an Emmy Award winning and Tony Award nominated playwright and screenwriter. Biography Sherman Yellen was born in 1932 to Nathan and Lillian Yellen. He attended the High School of Music Art in Harlem… …   Wikipedia

  • Sherman County (Nebraska) — Sherman County Courthouse, gelistet im NRHP Nr. 89002225[1] Verwaltung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sherman Everett Burroughs — (* 6. Februar 1870 in Dunbarton, Merrimack County, New Hampshire; † 27. Januar 1923 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1917 und 1923 vertrat er den Bundes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adams Museum — Informations géographiques Pays  États Unis Ville Deadwood Adresse 54 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sherman's March to the Sea — For other uses, see Sherman s March (disambiguation). Engraving by Alexander Hay Ritchie depicting Sherman s March …   Wikipedia

  • Adams County (Nebraska) — Das Adams County Courthouse in Hastings Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Nebra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sherman Township, Huron County, Michigan — Infobox Settlement official name = Sherman Township, Michigan settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Michigan pushpin …   Wikipedia

  • Baldwin, Hoar & Sherman family — The Baldwin, Evarts, Hoar Sherman family is a large political family of the United States spanning the country s history. *Roger Sherman (1721 1793) *John Adams *John Quincy Adams *William Tecumseh Sherman *Susan B. Anthony *William Maxwell… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”