- Liner notes
"For a bibliographic format for citing liner notes see "
Liner notes (also sleeve notes or album notes) are the writings found in booklets which come inserted into the
compact disc jewel caseor the equivalent packaging for vinyl records and cassettes.They are descended from the notes of text that were printed on the rear side of the cardboard record jacketused to protect a traditional 12-inch vinyl record, i.e., long playingor gramophone record album. The term descends from the name "record liner" or " album liner". On vinyl recordings, the most common placement of these notes would be the paper sleeve inside of an album jacketthat served to protect the record from dust ( dust sleeveor dust liner, etc.). As the rear covering of an album jacket was applied in early days in a fashion that resembled the tailored lining of garments (overlapping and protecting the edges of the front cover), it's also likely that "liner" could have been a printer's terminology for this back cover area as well.
Such notes often contained a mix of factual and anecdotal material, and occasionally a
discographyfor the artist or the issuing record label. They were also an occasion for thoughtful signed essays on the artist by another party, often a sympathetic music journalist, a custom that has largely died out. However, the liner note "essay" has survived in retrospective compilations, particularly in box sets.
Liner notes now usually include
informationabout the musician, lyrics, a personnel list, and other credits to people the musicians want to thank and people or companies involved in the production of the music. They also can give details on the extent of each musical piece, and sometimes place them in historical or social context. Liner notes for classical music recordings often provide information in several languages; if the piece includes vocal parts, they will often include a libretto, possibly also translated into several languages.
Liner notes sometimes provide
metadatathat can help when cataloguing private or public collections of sound recordings. However, the information provided on liner notes varies considerably depending on the studio or label which produced the record.
Increasingly and due to the rise of digital downloads, a
digital bookletis being introduced to compensate for the lack of a physical booklet.
Digital booklet- Liner notes included in selected online purchases supplied in PDF
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