- The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
caption = The
January 12, 2007front page of
"The Atlanta Journal-Constitution"
type = Daily
foundation = "Constitution":
publisher = John Mellott
headquarters = 72 Marietta Street NW
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
circulation = 326,907 Daily
497,149 Sunday [cite web |url=http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003795106 |title=New FAS-FAX: Steep Decline at 'NYT' While 'WSJ' Gains |last=Saba |first=Jennifer |date=2008-04-28 |work=Editor & Publisher |publisher=Nielsen Business Media, Inc]
ISSN = 1539-7459
website = [http://www.ajc.com ajc.com]
"The Atlanta Journal-Constitution" is the only major daily
newspaperin Atlanta, Georgia, USA and its suburbs. The "AJC", as it is called, is the flagship publication of Cox Enterprises. The "Atlanta Journal-Constitution" is the result of the mergerbetween "The Atlanta Journal" and "The Atlanta Constitution". The staff was combined in 1982. Separate delivery of the morning "Constitution" and afternoon "Journal" ended in 2001. [cite web|url=http://www.writenews.com/2001/101701_atlanta_journal_constitution.html|title=www.writenews.com/2001/101701_atlanta_journal_constitution.html |accessdate=2007-06-25] The AJC reaches a total print and online audience of more than 2.3 million people each week. Every month, more than 3.5 million unique visitors access the newspaper's Web sites, including ajc.com and accessAtlanta.com. [cite web|url=http://www.readership.org/readership/papers/Atlanta%20Journal%20Constitution%20(GA).htm|title=www.readership.org/readership/papers/Atlanta%20Journal%20Constitution%20(GA).htm |accessdate=2007-06-25] Since 2003, the paper has also published "accessAtlanta", a free tabloid-sized entertainment paper.
Subsequent to the staff consolidation of 1982, the afternoon "Journal" maintained a center-right
editorialstance, while the editorials and op-eds in the morning "Constitution" were reliably liberal. When the editions combined in 2001, the editorial page staffs also merged. The editorials and op-eds have attempted to strike a more "balanced" tone. Most of the paper's editorial stances have been closer to those of the old "Constitution." The combined paper endorsed John Kerryfor president in 2004; in 2000 the "Constitution" endorsed Al Gorewhile the "Journal" endorsed George W. Bush. The paper condemned Bush's decision to allow the National Security Agencyto spy on phone conversations in the United States without a warrant by calling his actions a "clear, present danger".
"The Atlanta Constitution"
"The Atlanta Constitution" was first published on
June 16, 1868. It was such a force that by 1871it had killed off the " Daily Intelligencer", the only Atlanta paper to survive the American Civil War. In 1876Captain Evan Howell(a former "Intelligencer" city editor) purchased a controlling interest and became its editor-in-chief. That same year, Joel Chandler Harrisbegan writing for the paper. He soon invented the character of Uncle Remus, a black storyteller, as a way of recounting stories from African-American culture.
During the 1880s, "Constitution" editor
Henry W. Gradywas a spokesman for the " New South," and encouraged industrial development. Ralph McGill, editor for the "Constitution" in the 1940s, was one of the few southern newspaper editors to support the American Civil Rights Movement.
From the 1970s until his death in 1994,
Lewis Grizzardwas a popular humor columnist for the "Constitution". He portrayed Southern "redneck" culture with a mixture of ridicule and respect. Other noteworthy editors of "The Atlanta Constitution" include J. Reginald Murphy. "Reg" Murphy gained notoriety with his 1974kidnapping. Murphy later served as editor of the " San Francisco Examiner".
"The Constitution" won numerous Pulitzer Prizes. In 1931 it won a
Pulitzer Prize for Public Servicefor exposing corruption at the local level. In 1959 it won a Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writingfor Ralph McGill's editorial "A Church, A School....". In 1967 it was awarded another for Eugene Patterson's editorials. In 1960 Jack Nelson won the Pulitzer Prizefor local reporting, by exposing abuses at Milledgeville State Hospital for the mentally ill. In 1988 the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooningwent to the " Constitution's" Doug Marlette. Mike Luckovichreceived a Pulitzer Prize in 1995 and 2006. Cynthia Tuckeralso received a Pulitzer Prize in 2007 for Pulitzer Prize for Commentary.
"The Atlanta Journal"
"The Atlanta Journal" was established in 1883. Founder E.F. Hoge sold the paper to Atlanta lawyer Hoke Smith in 1887. After the "Journal" supported Presidential candidate
Grover Clevelandin the 1892 election, Smith was named as Secretary of the Interior by the victorious Cleveland. Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Margaret Mitchellworked for the "Journal" from 1922 to 1926. Important for the development of her 1936 Gone With the Wind were the series of profiles of prominent Georgia Civil War generals she wrote for The Atlanta Journal's Sunday Magazine, the research for which, scholars believe, led her to her work on the novel. In 1922, the "Journal" founded Atlanta's first radio station, WSB. The radio station and the newspaper were sold in 1939 to James Middleton Cox, founder of what would become Cox Enterprises. The "Journal" carried the motto "Covers Dixie like the Dew".
Cox Enterprises bought the "Constitution" in June 1950, bringing both newspapers under one ownership and combining sales and administrative offices. Separate newsrooms were kept until 1982, though both papers continued to be published. The "Journal", an afternoon paper, led the morning "Constitution" until the 1970s, when afternoon papers began to fall out of favor with subscribers. In November 2001, the two papers, which were once fierce competitors, merged to produce one daily morning paper, "The Atlanta Journal-Constitution". The two papers had published a combined edition on weekends and holidays for years.
Bill Dedmanreceived the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reportingfor "The Color of Money," his expose on racial discrimination in mortgage lending, or redlining, by Atlanta banks. [cite web|url=http://powerreporting.com/color|title=powerreporting.com/color |accessdate=2007-06-25] The newspapers' editor, Bill Kovach, had resigned in November 1988after the stories on banks and others had ruffled feathers in Atlanta. (see Anne Cox Chambers).
In 1993, Mike Toner received the Pulitzer Prize for explanatory reporting for "When Bugs Fight Back," his series about organisms and their resistance to
Julia Wallace was named the first female editor of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution in 2002. In 2005 she was named Editor of the Year in 2005 by
Editor and PublisherMagazine. [American Society of Editors Mag. March 7,2003. "Editor and Publisher Mag." January 24, 2005]
In 2003, the AJC launched "accessAtlanta" to compete with the
alternative weekly" Creative Loafing". "accessAtlanta" is available for free in sidewalk newsbins and also appears as an insert in Thursday editions of the AJC. Mike Luckovichagain won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial cartooning in 2006, an award he had received in 1995 under "The Atlanta Constitution" banner.
*Perry, Chuck. 2004. "Atlanta Journal-Constitution". "New Georgia Encyclopedia" Georgia Humanities Council. [http://www.newgeorgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?path=/Media/Journalism/Newspapers/IndividualNewspapers&id=h-1807]
* [http://www.ajc.com Official website]
* [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1807 Atlanta Journal-Constitution] (in the New Georgia Encyclopedia)
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