Battle of Pyongyang

Battle of Pyongyang

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Pyongyang
partof=the First Sino-Japanese War

caption=Ukiyoe by Mizuno To depicting the Battle of Pyongyang
date= 15 September 1894
place= Pyongyang, Korea
result=Japanese victory, Chinese Army retreated from Korea
combatant1=flag|Empire of Japan
combatant2=flag|Qing Dynasty|name=Qing China
commander1=Nozu Michitsura
Katsura Taro
commander2=Ye Zhichao
strength2=13,000 – 15,000
casualties1=102 (killed), 433 (wounded), 33 (missing)
casualties2=2,000 (killed); 4,000 (wounded)Fact|date=June 2007

The Battle of Pyongyang ( _ja. 平壌作戦) was the second major land battle of the First Sino-Japanese War. It took place on 15 September 1894 in Pyongyang, Korea between the forces of Meiji Japan and Qing China. It is sometimes referred to archaically in western sources as the “Battle of Ping-yang”.Between 13,000 and 15,000 Chinese troops of the Beiyang Army had arrived in Pyongyang on 4 August 1894, and had made extensive repairs to its ancient city walls, feeling itself secure in its superior numbers and in the strength of the defenses.

The battle

The 10,000 troops (not confirmed) of the Imperial Japanese Army's 1st Army Corp, under the overall command of Marshal Yamagata Aritomo consisted of the 5th Provincial Division (Hiroshima) under Lieutenant General Nozu Michitsura, and the 3rd Provincial Division (Nagoya) under Lieutenant General Katsura Taro. Japanese forces had landed at Chemulpo (modern Inchon, Korea) on 12 June 1894 without opposition. After a brief sortie south for the Battle of Seonghwan on 29 July 1894, the First Army marched north towards Pyongyang, rendezvousing with reinforcements which had landed via the ports of Busan and Wonsan.

The Japanese Army First Army converged on Pyongyang from several directions on 15 September 1894, and in the morning made a direct attack on the north and southeast corners of the walled city under very little cover. The Chinese defense was strong, but was eventually outmaneuvered by an unexpected flanking attack by the Japanese from the rear, the Chinese suffered very heavy losses compared to the Japanese. At 1630, the garrison raised the white flag for surrender. The fall of the city, however, was delayed due to a heavy rainfall. Taking advantage of the delay and the fall of darkness, the survivors of the Chinese garrison escaped the city for the coast and the border town of Wiju (modern village of Uiju, North Korea) on the lower reaches of the Yalu River) by 2000 hours.

Chinese casualties are estimated at 2000 killed around 4000 wounded. The Japanese lost 102 men killed, 433 wounded and 33 missing.

Pyongyang fell to Japanese forces by the early morning of 16 September 1894.

Aftermath of the battle

After the Battle of Pyongyang, command of Japanese First Army was turned over from Marshal Yamagata to General Nozu for reasons of health. Nozu's former command of the 5th division was assumed by Lieutenant General Yasukata Oku.After the Battle of Pyongyang, the Japanese advanced north to the Yalu River without opposition. The Chinese had decided (as did the Russian ten years later in the Russo-Japanese War) to abandon northern Korea and defend from the northern bank of the Yalu River.


* Chamberlin, William Henry. "Japan Over Asia", 1937, Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, 395 pp.
* Kodansha "Japan An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1993, Kodansha Press, Tokyo ISBN 4-06-205938-X
* Lone, Stewart. "Japan's First Modern War: Army and Society in the Conflict with China, 1894-1895," 1994, St. Martin's Press, New York, 222 pp.
* Paine, S.C.M. "The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: Perception, Power, and Primacy," 2003, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA, 412 pp.
* Warner, Dennis and Peggy. "The Tide At Sunrise", 1974, Charterhouse, New York, 659 pp.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Ch'ungju — Battle of Chungju (Choryang Pass) Part of Imjin War Date June 8 1592 – 28d 04m 1592 (according to Lunar Calendar) Location Tangumdae Hill, near Chungju …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Myeongnyang — Part of the Imjin War Date October 26, 1597 (September 16 according to Chinese Lunisolar Calendar, September 13 according to Korean Lunisolar …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Noryang — Part of the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598) Part of a Naval Battle Scroll from the Imjin War …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Dangpo — (1592) Part of Imjin War Date June 2, 1592 Location Tongyeong, Korea Result Decisive Korean vict …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Okpo — Part of Imjin War Date May 7, 1592 Location Okpo Bay, Jeolla, Korea Result Decisive Korean Victor …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Danghangpo — Harbor Part of Imjin War Date 4 June 1592 Location Goseong or Jinhae, Korea Result …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Inchon — Part of the Korean War …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Old Baldy — Part of the Korean War Map of the Old Baldy area …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Chochiwon — Part of Korean War …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Triangle Hill — This article is about Battle of Shangganling in the Korean War. For the Chinese war film made in 1956, see Battle on Shangganling Mountain. Battle of Triangle Hill Part of the Korean War …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”