John Winthrop Hackett Junior

John Winthrop Hackett Junior

Infobox Military Person
name=John Winthrop Hackett
lived= 5 November 1910 - Death date and age|1997|9|10|1910|11|5|df=yes
placeofbirth= Perth, Western Australia

nickname= "Shan"
rank= General
commands= 4th Parachute Brigade
Deputy Chief of the General Staff
Commander-in-Chief British Army of the Rhine
unit= 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars
awards=MBE , CBE , MC , DSO and Bar, CB , KCB , GCB
laterwork= Author

:"This article is about the British Army officer and author, for information about the musician, see John Hackett (musician)."

General Sir John Winthrop Hackett GCB, CBE, DSO and Bar, MC, (5 November 1910-10 September 1997) was an Australian-born British soldier and author.

Early life

Hackett, who was nicknamed "Shan", was born in Perth, Western Australia. His Irish Australian father, John Winthrop Hackett Senior (1848-1916), was a newspaper man and politician, and his mother was Deborah Drake-Brockman (also known as Lady Deborah Hackett, Lady Deborah Moulden and Dr Deborah Buller Murphy, 1887-1965), a prominent mining company director.

John Hackett Junior received secondary schooling at Geelong Grammar School, after which he travelled to London to study painting at the Central School of Art. He then completed Greats and Modern History at New College, Oxford University. As his degree was not good enough for an academic career, Hackett joined the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars in 1933, having previously joined the Supplementary Reserve of Officers in 1931. ["The Desert Rats, 7th Armoured Division", Robin Neillands, Aurum Press, 2005, p18]

World War II

Hackett fought with the British Army in World War II in the Syria-Lebanon campaign, where he was wounded, and in the North African campaign, where he was wounded again when his Stuart tank was hit.

In 1944, Hackett commanded the 4th Parachute Brigade in the Allied assault on Arnhem, in Operation Market Garden. In the battle at Arnhem Brigadier Hackett was severely wounded in the stomach, was captured and taken to the St. Elizabeth Hospital in Arnhem. A German doctor at the Hospital wanted to administer a lethal injection to Hackett, because he thought that the case was hopeless. However he was operated on by Lipmann Kessel, who with superb surgery managed to save the brigadier's life. After a period of recuperation, he managed to escape with the help of the Dutch underground. Although he was unfit to be moved, the Germans were about to move him to a POW camp. He was taken by ‘Piet van Arnhem’, a resistance worker from Ede, and driven to Ede. They were stopped on the way but Hackett had extra bloody bandages applied, to make him look even worse than he was. Piet told the checkpoint that they were taking him to hospital. They were let through despite the hospital being in the opposite direction, from which they had just come.

He was hidden by a Dutch family called de Nooij who lived at No. 5 Torenstraat in Ede, an address that no longer exists due to development. The de Nooij family nursed the brigadier back to health over a period of several months and he then managed to escape again with the help of the underground. He remained friends with the de Nooij family for the rest of their lives, visiting them immediately they were liberated, bearing gifts. Hackett wrote about this experience in his book "I Was A Stranger" in 1978.

Post War Career

General Hackett's postwar career included, Commandant, Royal Military College of Science, Shrivenham, 1958-1961; General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Northern Ireland Command, 1961-1963; [ [ Hart Centre for Military Archives] ] Deputy Chief of the General Staff, 1963-1964, and Commander in Chief, British Army of the Rhine, 1965-1966. He later became Commander, Northern Army Group, in NATO.

After retirement from the Army, Sir John continued to be active in several areas. From 1968 to 1975 he was Principal of King's College London. He proved to be a popular figure, addressing gatherings of students on several occasions, and attending at least one NUS demonstration for higher student grants.

In 1978, Sir John wrote a novel, ', which was a fictionalized scenario of World War III based on a Soviet Army invasion of West Germany in 1985. The novel was highly successful, though criticized for being dry and impersonal. It was followed in 1982 by ', which elaborated on the original, including more detail from a Soviet perspective.

His (British) military decorations included the Knight Grand Cross of the Bath, Commander of the British Empire, Distinguished Service Order and Bar, Military Cross, Twice Mentioned in Dispatches.


(Note: authorship dates may not be reliable and are for guidance only)

* "Popski's Private Army", 1950, ISBN 0-304-36143-7 (Foreword only)
* "The Profession Of Arms", 1963, ISBN 0-02-547120-1
* "I Was A Stranger", 1978, ISBN 0-395-27087-1
* "The Third World War", 1978, ISBN 0-425-04477-7
* "Third World War: Lecture", 1979 ISBN 0-85287-132-5
* "Arnhem Doctor", 1981, ISBN 0-85613-324-8 (Foreword only)
* "The Third World War: The Untold Story", 1982, ISBN 0-283-98863-0
* "The Middle East Commandos", 1988, ISBN 0-7183-0645-7 (Foreword only)
* "Warfare In the Ancient World", 1989, ISBN 0-283-99591-2
* "The Desert Rats: History of the 7th Armoured Division", 1990, ISBN 1-85367-063-4 (Introduction only)
* "The Devil's Birthday: Bridges to Arnhem, 1944", 1992, ISBN 0-85052-352-4
* "The History of the Glider Pilot Regiment: An Official History", 1992, ISBN 0-85052-326-5
* "One Night In June", 1994, 1853104922 (Introduction only)
* "Map of the D-Day Landings", 1994, ISBN 0-7028-2668-5 (Foreword only)
* "To Save A Life", 1995, ISBN 1-898094-10-1

More Information

* "The Biography of General Sir John "Shan" Hackett GCB DSO MC", by Roy Fullick 2003, ISBN 0-85052-975-1


External links

* [ Biographical website on General Sir John Hackett]
* [ Account of Sir John Hackett's part in the Battle of Arnhem]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Winthrop Hackett Senior — Sir John Winthrop Hackett Senior (4 February 1848 – 19 February 1916) was a proprietor of several newspapers in Western Australia and later a politician.Winthrop was the eldest child of the Rev. J. W. Hackett, M.A., and his wife, Jane, a daughter …   Wikipedia

  • Hackett — ist der Name folgender Personen: A. J. Hackett (* 1958), neuseeländischer Unternehmer, der den Extremsport Bungee Springen populär gemacht hat Albert Hackett (1900–1995), US amerikanischer Drehbuch und Bühnenautor und Stummfilmschauspieler Bobby… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Hackett — The name John Hackett may refer to: * John Winthrop Hackett Senior (1848 1916), an Irish born Australian newspaper man and politician. * General Sir John Winthrop Hackett Junior (1910 97), an Australian born British soldier and author. * John… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (J) — # J XX # J Malan Heslop # J. Aird Nesbitt # J. Allen Frear, Jr. # J. B. Stoner # J. Braid # J. C. Gilbert # J. Caleb Boggs # J. Carson Mark # J. D. Salinger # J. D. Tippit # J. Douglas Blackwood # J. F. Lehmann # J. Fraser McLuskey # J. Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • Lokhos — A lókhos or lochos (plural lokhoi ), from the Greek λόχος, was a tactical sub unit of Classical Greece and of the modern Greek army. The term derived from the ancient Greek for ambush and the men carrying out the ambush, but in practice, its… …   Wikipedia

  • Perth (Australia) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la ciudad escocesa, véase Perth (Escocia) Perth …   Wikipedia Español

  • Australia — /aw strayl yeuh/, n. 1. a continent SE of Asia, between the Indian and the Pacific oceans. 18,438,824; 2,948,366 sq. mi. (7,636,270 sq. km). 2. Commonwealth of, a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, consisting of the federated states and… …   Universalium

  • Alfred Barry — Bishop Alfred Barry Dr. Alfred Barry (15 January 1826 – 1 April 1910) was the Third Bishop of Sydney, who over the course of his career served as headmaster of several independent schools, Principal of King s College London, and founded several… …   Wikipedia

  • Chatham, Massachusetts —   Town   Central Chatham, April 2010 …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Persönlichkeiten der Stadt Boston — Die Liste von Persönlichkeiten der Stadt Boston enthält Personen, die in der Hauptstadt des US Bundesstaates Massachusetts geboren wurden sowie solche, die in Boston ihren Wirkungskreis hatten, ohne dort geboren zu sein. Beide Abschnitte sind… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”