- Subic Bay
:"This article is about the body of water, for the Freeport see
Subic Bay Freeport Zone, for other uses see Subic Bay (disambiguation)."
Subic Bay is a bay forming part of
Luzon Seaon the west coast of the island of Luzonin Zambales, Philippines, about 100 kilometers northwest of Manila Bay. Its shores were formerly the site of a major United States Navyfacility named U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay, it is now the location of an industrial and commercial area known as the Subic Bay Freeport Zoneunder the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority("see also, Port of Subic").
The bay is surrounded by the town of Subic and
Olongapo City, both in the province of Zambalesand the towns of Morong and Dinalupihan in the province of Bataanin the east. Also in the bay are Grande Island, once home to Fort Wint, and was later turned into a rest and recreation island for the U.S. Seventh Fleet.
hipwrecks of Subic Bay
The majority of the wrecks in Subic Bay are a result of either the
Spanish-American Warin 1898or of World War II, where a number of Japanese vessels were sunk by American aircraft.
El Capitan was a freighter of nearly 3,000 tons just under 130 meters long. She sank in Subic Bay where she rests on a sloping bottom.
Hellship – Oryoku Maru On 15 December 1944, she had 1,619 American and British prisoners of war on board when she was sunk, under heavy bombardment by American fighters while on her way from Subic Bay to Japan. She was less than half a kilometer off the Alava Pier when attacked. About 300 prisoners died during the short voyage from Manila and during the attack.
Seian Maru During an air raid on Subic Bay, the 3,712 ton freighter "Seian Maru" was bombed and sunk. This was only four days after the sinking of the Oryoku Maru on 19 December 1944.
LST (Landing Ship, Tank) This is one of the large
LSTs that litter the floor of Subic Bay. She was scuttled in 1946 in the middle of Subic Bay between the southern tip of the runway and Grande Island.
The old "USS New York", which had been renamed the "
USS Rochester" in 1917. At the onset of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, this ship was acting as a floating workshop and storehouse. Already decommissioned, the armored hull of the old cruiser was too valuable to allowed to be captured, and so she was scuttled in December 1941 by American forces.
San Quentin During the Spanish – American war in 1898, the Spanish scuttled their "San Quentin" in the hope of blocking the passage between Grande Island and Chiquita Islands near the mouth of Subic Bay.
* [http://archive.spaceimaging.com/ikonos/2/kpms/2004/03//browse.234591.crss_sat.0.0.jpgSatellite photo, March 2004]
* [http://www.subicreview.blogspot.com News from Subic Bay, March 2008]
* [http://www.sbma.com Subic Bay Philippines]
* [http://www.olongapo-subic.com Latest News from Olongapo Subic Bay Zambales]
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