Turkish Radio and Television Corporation

Turkish Radio and Television Corporation

Infobox Network
network_name = Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu
country = TUR
network_type = Television station
available = National
owner = TRT (Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu)
launch_date = 1926 (radio, as TR)
1964 (radio, as TRT)
1968 (television)
website = [http://www.trt.net.tr/ www.trt.net.tr]

The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation also known as TRT, ("Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu"), was founded in 1964, it is the national public broadcaster of Turkey. Around 70% of TRT's funding comes from a tax levied on electricity bills and a sales tax on television and radio receivers. As these are hypothecated taxes, as opposed to the money coming from general government funds, the principle is similar to that of the television licence levied in a number of other countries. The rest of TRT's funding comes from government grants (around 20%), with the final 10% coming from advertising. [PDFlink|EU Monitoring and Advocacy Program - "Television across Europe". [http://www.eumap.org/topics/media/television_europe/national/turkey/media_tur1.pdf "Turkey"] |453 KiB ]

Affectionately known to local consumers as the "School", it was for many years the only television and radio provider in Turkey. Before the introduction of commercial radio in 1990, and subsequently commercial television in 1992, it held a monopoly on broadcasting. More recent deregulation of the Turkish television broadcasting market produced analogue cable television. Today, TRT broadcasts around the world, especially in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. It is frequently heralded as the most widely respected broadcaster in Turkey.

TRT's predecessor, "Türkiye Radyoları" was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. The original company started radio test broadcasts in 1926, with a studio built in Istanbul in 1927 and a studio in Ankara following in 1928.

Television channels

All television channels can be watched via Turksat 2-A

From September 2008, TRT is planning major changes to its channel line-up. TRT 4 will no longer broadcast Turkish classical and folk music but instead will be a children's channel during the daytime and an education channel in the evening. TRT 2 will be relocated to Istanbul with a renewed emphasis on cultural programming. TRT GAP will be replaced by a channel carrying broadcasts in Kurdish, Arabic and Persian. TRT also plans to launch a new documentary channel. TRT INT will become an international news channel broadcasting in several languages.


There are four national television channels in the TRT network. All programming was in black and white from the start of test transmissions until the New Year's Eve programming on December 31, 1981, when the first color tests started. [http://www.byegm.gov.tr/REFERENCES/radyo-tv2002.htm HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING IN TURKEY] ] The entire lineup switched to color on March 15, 1984. [http://www.byegm.gov.tr/REFERENCES/radyo-tv2002.htm HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING IN TURKEY] ]

* TRT 1 (opened January 1968) - General entertainment channel with a broad schedule featuring local and foreign series, Turkish and Hollywood cinema, live shows with Turkish folk music, Turkish classical music and pop music, live sport, news & current affairs plus special events such as the Eurovision Song Contest.
* TRT 2 (opened September 1986) - The daytime schedule of TRT 2 consists of news and current affairs, plus sports news and weather. Primetime is given over to culture, arts, documentaries and world cinema.
* TRT 3 (opened October 1989) - Sports (shares broadcasting time with TRT GAP)
* TRT 4 (opened July 1990) - Educational programs (correspondence courses), Turkish Classical and Turkish Folk Music.
* TRT GAP - Broadcasts for Southeast Anatolia Region, shares broadcasting time with TRT 3.


* TRT International (TRT INT) - International channel broadcasting a selection of TRT's programming
* TRT Turk "(formerly known as TRT Avrasya)" - International channel broadcast in Turkic countries

Radio channels

* Radyo 1 - Mixed diet of programming
* TRT FM (formerly: Radyo 2)- A mixture of Turkish pop, folk and classical music, foreign pop, call ins, news and travel information
* Radyo 3 - Classical music, jazz, world music, foreign pop & rock
* Radyo 4 - Turkish classical and Turkish folk music
* TSR - Türkiyenin Sesi Radyosu / Voice of Turkey
* Turizm Radyosu


ee also

*List of television stations in Turkey

External links

* [http://www.trt.net.tr Official website] tr icon
* [http://www.trt.net.tr/wwwtrt/tarihce.aspx TRT's History in Turkish] tr icon
* [http://www.trt.net.tr/wwwtrt/canli.aspx Watch/Listen Online] tr icon
* [http://www.trtinternational.com TRT International information site]

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