Sapience is often defined as
wisdom, or the ability of an organism or entity to act with appropriate judgment. Judgment is a mental faculty which is a component of intelligence oralternatively may be considered an additional faculty, apart from intelligence, with its own properties. Robert Sternberg[cite book
last = Sternberg
first = Robert J.
authorlink = Robert Sternberg
title = Wisdom, Intelligence, and Creativity Synthesized
publisher = Cambridge University Press
year = 2003
location = New York
id = ISBN 0-521-80238-5 ] has segregated the capacity for judgment from the general qualifiers for intelligence, which is closer to cognizant aptitude than to wisdom. Displaying sound judgment in a complex, dynamic environment is a hallmark of wisdom.
The word "sapience" is derived from the
Latinword "sapientia", meaning wisdom. cite book
authors=Lewis, C.T. and Short, C.
publisher=Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 = 978-0-19-864201-5] Related to this word is the Latin
verb"sapere", which means "to taste, to be wise, to know"; the present participle of "sapere" forms part of ""Homo sapiens"", the Latin binomialnomenclature created by Carolus Linnaeusto describe the humanspecies. Linnaeus had originally given humans the species name of "diurnus", meaning man of the day. But he later decided that the dominating feature of humans was wisdom, hence application of the name "sapiens". His chosen biological name was intended to emphasize man's uniqueness and separation from the rest of the animal kingdom.
Metacognition- considered to be one of the definitions of sapienceAlso used as a Christian/fore name in the late 16th century
* [http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/jsuebersax/Lexicon.htm Wisdom Lexicon Project]
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