Patellar ligament

Patellar ligament

Infobox Ligament
Name = Patellar ligament
Latin = ligamentum patellae
GraySubject = 93
GrayPage = 340


Caption = Right knee-joint. Anterior view. (Ligamentum patellae visible at bottom left, below patella.)


Caption2 =
From = patella
To = tuberosity of the tibia
System =
Precursor =
MeshName = Patellar+Ligament
MeshNumber = A02.513.514.475
DorlandsPre = l_09
DorlandsSuf = 12492768
The patellar ligament (anterior ligament) is the central portion of the common tendon of the Quadriceps femoris, which is continued from the patella to the tuberosity of the tibia.

It is a strong, flat, ligamentous band, about 8 cm. in length, attached, above, to the apex and adjoining margins of the patella and the rough depression on its posterior surface; below, to the tuberosity of the tibia; its superficial fibers are continuous over the front of the patella with those of the tendon of the Quadriceps femoris.

The medial and lateral portions of the tendon of the Quadriceps pass down on either side of the patella, to be inserted into the upper extremity of the tibia on either side of the tuberosity; these portions merge into the capsule, as stated above, forming the medial and lateral patellar retinacula.

The posterior surface of the ligamentum patellæ is separated from the synovial membrane of the joint by a large infrapatellar pad of fat, and from the tibia by a bursa.

It is also sometimes called the "patellar tendon". [ [http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=34200 Patellar tendon definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms easily defined on MedTerms ] ]

ee also

* Patellar reflex


=Additional

References

External links

* [http://www.kneeguru.co.uk/KNEEnotes/node/900 The KNEEguru - educational site packed with knee content with sections on patellar problems]
* - "Muscles of the anterior (extensor) compartment of the leg."
*
* (NormanAnatomyFig|antkneejointopenflexed)


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