Henry Gyles Turner

Henry Gyles Turner

infobox person

nationality = Australian

Henry Gyles Turner (12 December 1831 – 30 November 1920) was a notable Australian banker and historian.

Turner was born at Kensington, London. He was educated at the Poland-street academy and at 15 years of age was apprenticed to William Pickering, the publisher. In 1850 he joined the London joint stock bank and in September 1854 sailed for Australia, arrived in Melbourne on 4 December, and joined the staff of the Bank of Australasia. In 1865 he became accountant of this bank, and in 1870 general manager of the Commercial Bank of Australia, then a comparatively small institution. Under his management it became one of the leading banks of Australia. In the bank crisis of 1893 it suffered very heavy losses and did not recover its position for many years. There can be no doubt that there was much over-trading, and Turner was blamed for the bad state of affairs. He was, however, away in Europe on leave from February 1888 to March 1889, and it was during this period that the "boom" was at its height. He had hoped to retire at a comparatively early age, but now had to set himself to recover the lost fortunes of the bank. By 1901 the worst of its troubles were past and he was able to retire in his seventieth year.Dictionary of Australian Biography|First=Henry Gyles|Last=Turner|Link=http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogT-V.html#turner2|accessdate=2008-10-07 ]

Turner had always been interested in literature and during his banking life did a good deal of writing. In November 1875 he called a meeting of his friends at his house and, with the slender capital of £100, a literary magazine "The Melbourne Review" was started. It lasted just 10 years and was not only the longest lived but the best purely Australian review that appeared in the nineteenth century. Initially edited by Arthur Patchett Martin, Turner was joint editor with Alexander Sutherland during its later years, and supplied much of the driving force. [Australian Dictionary of Biography
first=Suzanne G.
title= Martin, Arthur Patchett (1851 - 1902)
] In 1898 a volume on "The Development of Australian Literature", written in conjunction with Sutherland, was published, and after his retirement Turner wrote and published in 1904 his "History of the Colony of Victoria" in two volumes. "The First Decade of the Australian Commonwealth" appeared in 1911, which was followed in 1913 by "Our Own Little Rebellion, the Story of the Eureka Stockade".

In 1917 when in his eighty-sixth year Turner gave a public lecture on "The War and Literature" and succeeded in completely holding the attention of his audience. He died at his house, "Bundalohn", in the Melbourne suburb of St Kilda. He married in September 1855 Helen Ramsay who died in 1914, without issue. His portrait by E. Phillips Fox, is in the national gallery at Melbourne. Apart from his historical writings Turner was a busy worker. He was at different times chairman of the associated banks, president of the chamber of commerce, president of the Shakespeare Society, president of the trustees of the public library, museums and national gallery of Victoria, and held numerous other offices in a large variety of institutions. The bulk of his estate was left to charitable institutions, his manuscripts and a large selection from his fine library went to the public library at Melbourne.Australian Dictionary of Biography
title= Turner, Henry Gyles (1831 - 1920)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TURNER, Henry Gyles (1831-1920) — banker and historian was born at Kensington, London, on 12 December 1831. He was educated at the Poland street academy and at 15 years of age was apprenticed to William Pickering, the publisher. In 1850 he joined the London joint stock bank and… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Henry Turner — may refer to: *Henry Turner (basketball), American basketball player * Henry McNeal Turner (1834 1915), Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. * Henry Ashby Turner (born 1932), American historian of Germany. * Henry Turner… …   Wikipedia

  • Turner — /ˈtɜnə/ (say ternuh) noun 1. Ethel Sibyl (born Ethel Sibyl Burwell), 1870–1958, Australian novelist and children s writer, born in England; noted for Seven Little Australians (1894). 2. Sir George, 1851–1916, Australian Liberal Party politician;… …  

  • SUTHERLAND, Alexander (1852-1902) — miscellaneous writer and philosopher was born at Glasgow on 26 March 1852. Both parents were Scotch, his father, George Sutherland, a carver of ship s figure heads, married Jane Smith, a woman of character and education. The family came to… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • DEAKIN, Alfred (1856-1919) — statesman was born at Fitzroy, a suburb of Melbourne, on 3 August 1856, the only son of William Deakin, accountant, and his wife Sarah Bill, daughter of a Shropshire farmer. William Deakin was born in Northamptonshire in 1819, and came to… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Foundation of Melbourne — The city of Melbourne was founded in 1835. The exact circumstances of the foundation of Melbourne, and the question of who should take credit, have long been matters of dispute. ExplorationThe south east coast of the Australian continent was… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Sutherland — (26 March 1852 9 August 1902) was a Scottish Australian educator, writer and philosopher.Sutherland was born at Glasgow, both parents were Scottish, his father, George Sutherland, a carver of ship s figure heads, married Jane Smith, a woman of… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Patchett Martin — (18 February 1851 – 15 February 1902), was an Australian writer.Martin was born in Kent, England, and moved with his family to Australia in December 1852. He matriculated at the University of Melbourne in 1868. Having established the Melbourne… …   Wikipedia

  • Dryden Baronets — There have been three Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Dryden, one in the Baronetage of England and two in the Baronetage of Great Britain. Two of the creations are extant and are joined under a single holder since 1874. The… …   Wikipedia

  • BATMAN, John (1801-1839) — a founder of Melbourne was born at Parramatta, New South Wales, on 21 January 1801. (A. S. Kenyon papers at the public library Melbourne.) His father, William Batman, came to Sydney in 1797. In 1821 John Batman, with his brother Henry, went to… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”