Thomas L. Saaty

Thomas L. Saaty

__NOTOC__Thomas L. Saaty (born 1926 in Mosul, Iraq) [ [ Faculty appointments] from Wharton (Nov 14, 1969)] is an American mathematician serving as [ University Professor] at the University of Pittsburgh, where he teaches in the Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business. He is the inventor, architect, and primary theoretician of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, a decision-making framework used for large-scale, multiparty, multi-criteria decision analysis, and of the Analytic Network Process, its generalization to decisions with dependence and feedback.

Dr. Saaty has made contributions in the fields of operations research (parametric linear programming, epidemics and the spread of biological agents, queuing theory, and behavioral mathematics as it relates to operations), arms control and disarmament, and urban design. He has written more than 30 books and 300 papers on mathematics, operations research, and decision making. Their subjects include graph theory and its applications, nonlinear mathematics, analytical planning, and game theory and conflict resolution.

Saaty has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering (2005), and the "Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales" (Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences, 1971). In 1973, he received the Lester R. Ford Award from the Mathematical Association of America for his work on the four color problem, and in 2000 he was awarded the gold medal of the International Society on Multi-criteria Decision Making. He is the 2007 recipient of the [ Akao Prize] of the QFD Institute.

Prior to coming to the University of Pittsburgh, Dr. Saaty was professor of statistics and operations research at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (1969-79). Prior to that, he spent fifteen years working for U.S. government agencies and for companies doing government-sponsored research. His employers at that time included the Operations Evaluation Group of MIT at the Pentagon, the Office of Naval Research, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency at the U.S. State Department.


PhD, Mathematics, Yale University, 1953 (thesis, under Einar Carl Hille: "On the Bessel Tricomi Equation"). Post-graduate study, University of Paris, 1952-53. MA, Mathematics, Yale University, 1951. MS, Physics, Catholic University of America, 1949. BA, Columbia Union College, 1948.

References and external links

* [ University of Pittsburgh faculty biography of Thomas L. Saaty]
* [ University of Pittsburgh Joseph M. Katz School]
* [ National Academy of Sciences membership listing]
* [ "Real Academia de Sciencios, Relación de Académicos"]
* [ Mathematical Association of America web site]
* [ International Society on Multi-criteria Decision Making web site]
* [ QFD Institute web site]


Analytic hierarchy process (AHP)

*1980 "The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation", ISBN 0-07-054371-2, McGraw-Hill
*1982 "Decision Making for Leaders: The Analytical Hierarchy Process for Decisions in a Complex World", ISBN 0-534-97959-9, Wadsworth. 1988, Paperback, ISBN 0-9620317-0-4, RWS
*1982 "The Logic of Priorities: Applications in Business, Energy, Health, and Transportation", with Luis G. Vargas, ISBN 0-89838-071-5 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-89838-078-2 (Paperback), Kluwer-Nijhoff
*1985 "Analytical Planning: The Organization of Systems", with Kevin P. Kearns, ISBN 0-08-032599-8, Pergamon
*1991 "Prediction, Projection and Forecasting: Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Economics, Finance, Politics, Games and Sports", with Luis G. Vargas, ISBN 0-7923-9104-7, Kluwer Academic
*1992 "The Hierarchon: A Dictionary of Hierarchies", with Ernest H. Forman, ISBN 0-9620317-5-5, RWS
*1994 "Fundamentals of Decision Making and Priority Theory with the Analytic Hierarchy Process", ISBN 0-9620317-6-3, RWS
*1994 "Decision Making in Economic, Social and Technological Environments", with Luis G. Vargas, ISBN 0-9620317-7-1, RWS
*1996 "Vol. III and IV of the Analytic Hierarchy Process Series", ISBN 1-888603-07-0 RWS
*2001 "Models, Methods, Concepts & Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process", with Luis G. Vargas, ISBN 0-7923-7267-0, Kluwer Academic
*2007 "Group Decision Making: Drawing Out and Reconciling Differences", with Kirti Peniwati, ISBN 1-888603-08-9, RWS

Analytic network process (ANP)

*1996 "Decision Making with Dependence and Feedback: The Analytic Network Process", ISBN 0-9620317-9-8, RWS
*2005 "Theory and Applications of the Analytic Network Process: Decision Making with Benefits, Opportunities, Costs and Risks", ISBN 1-888603-06-2, RWS
*2005 "The Encyclicon, A Dictionary of Decisions with Dependence and Feedback based on the Analytic Network Process", with Müjgan S. Özdemir, ISBN 1-888603-05-4, RWS
*2006 "Decision Making with the Analytic Network Process: Economic, Political, Social and Technological Applications with Benefits, Opportunities, Costs and Risks", with Luis G. Vargas, ISBN 0-387-33859-4, Springer
*2008 (forthcoming) "The Encyclicon, Volume 2: A Dictionary of Complex Decisions using the Analytic Network Process", with Brady Cillo, ISBN 1-888603-09-7, RWS

Neural network process (NNP)

*1999 "The Brain: Unraveling the Mystery of How it Works, The Neural Network Process", ISBN 1-888603-02-X, RWS

Operations research

*1959 "Mathematical Methods of Operations Research", no ISBN (translated into Japanese and Russian), McGraw-Hill. 1988 Extended edition, ISBN 0-486-65703-5, Dover (paperback)
*1961 "Elements of Queueing Theory with Applications", no ISBN (translated into Russian, Spanish and German), McGraw-Hill


*1964 "Nonlinear Mathematics", with J. Bram, no ISBN, McGraw-Hill. 1981 Reprinted as ISBN 0-486-64233-X, Dover (paperback)
*1964-1965 "Lectures on Modern Mathematics", Volumes I, II, III (Thomas L. Saaty, Editor), no ISBN (translated into Japanese), John Wiley
*1965 "Finite Graphs and Networks", with R. Busacker, no ISBN (translated into Japanese, Russian, German and Hungarian), McGraw-Hill
*1967 "Modern Nonlinear Equations", no ISBN, McGraw-Hill. 1981, reprinted as ISBN 0-486-64232-1, Dover (paperback)
*1969 "The Spirit and Uses of the Mathematical Sciences", (Thomas L. Saaty, Editor, with F.J. Weyl), no ISBN, McGraw-Hill
*1970 "Optimization in Integers and Related Extremal Problems", no ISBN (translated into Russian), McGraw-Hill
*1977 "The Four-Color Problem; Assaults and Conquest", ISBN 0-07-054382-8, with Paul C. Kainen, McGraw-Hill. 1986 Revised edition, ISBN 0-486-65092-8, Dover (paperback)

Applied mathematics

*1968 "Mathematical Models of Arms Control and Disarmament"', no ISBN, (translated into Russian), Wiley
*1973 "Topics in Behavioral Mathematics", no ISBN, Mathematical Association of America
*1981 "Thinking with Models: Mathematical Models in the Physical, Biological, and Social Sciences", with Joyce Alexander, hardback ISBN 0-08-026475-1, paperback ISBN 0-08-026474, Pergamon

Other topics

*1973 "Compact City", with George B. Dantzig, hardback ISBN 0-7167-0784-5, paperback ISBN 0-7167-0794-2 (translated into Japanese and Russian), W.H. Freeman
*1990 "Embracing the Future", with Larry W. Boone, ISBN 0-275-93573-6, Praeger
*2001 "Creative Thinking, Problem Solving & Decision Making", ISBN 1-888603-03-8, RWS

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