- Bona vacantia
"Bona vacantia" (Latin for "vacant goods") is a
common law doctrinein the United Kingdom under which ownerless property passes by law to the Crown. It has largely replaced the doctrine of escheat, which had a similar effect in relation to feudal tenures. The body that administers "bona vacantia" varies within the UK:
England and Wales, the "Bona Vacantia" division of the Treasury Solicitor's Departmentof the UK Government is responsible for dealing with "bona vacantia" assets, which are chiefly:
** Assets of dissolved companies
** Assets of the estates of those deceased who died intestate and for whom no beneficiaries can be traced.
Scotland, "bona vacantia" refers only to the assets of dissolved companies and lost property, which is administered under the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982. The separate doctrine of ultimus haerusstates that the assets of those who die intestate leaving no other person entitled to inherit pass to the Crown. Both of these rights, together with treasure trove, are administered by the Queen's and Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer, an office held by the Crown Agent, the senior official in the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (COPFS).
Northern Ireland, "bona vacantia" is dealt with by the Crown Solicitoras the Treasury Solicitor's nominee.
*In the Duchies of Cornwall and Lancaster, "bona vacantia" is in favour of the
Duchy of Cornwallor the Duchy of Lancasterinstead of the Crown, and the administration is dealt with by a firm of solicitors, Farrer and Co.
City of Londonand Bristolbona vacantia is in favour of the cities' museums.Fact|date=February 2007
* [http://www.bonavacantia.gov.uk/ Bona Vacantia]
* [http://www.treasury-solicitor.gov.uk/ Treasury Solicitor's Department]
* [http://www.crownoffice.gov.uk/ Crown Office & Procurator Fiscal Service]
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