- Reggio Calabria
official_name = Reggio Calabria
established_title = Founded
720 BC[cite book | last = Foulke | first = Robert| title =The Sea Voyage Narrative| publisher =Routledge| url =http://books.google.com/books?id=cwpdkrGMS38C&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22reggio+calabria+founded+by+chalcis+and+messenia+ca+720+bc%22&source=web&ots=odjWOYr1A0&sig=aPQjWmBlQKDqnza9D0iB5k4aIPA&hl=en| isbn = 0415938945]
website = http://www.reggiocal.it
seal_size = 85px
mapsize = 215px
map_caption = Location of the city of Reggio (red dot) within Italy.
subdivision_type = Region
subdivision_type1 = Province
Province of Reggio Calabria
area_total_km2 = 236
population_as_of = January 2006
population_total = 184,504 (18th)
population_density_km2 = 782
population_density_sq_mi = 2,025
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
latd=38 |latm=06 |lats=41 |latNS=N |longd=15 |longm=39 |longs=43 |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal codes
postal_code = 89100
area_code = 0965
blank_name = Patron saints
Reggio di Calabria (Italian pronunciation: IPA|/ˈrɛʤ:o ˌdikaˈlabrja/; Calabrian dialect: "Rìggiu", Greek-Calabrian: "Righi", Greek: Polytonic|Ῥήγιον- "Rhegion"), commonly known as Reggio Calabria or Reggio. A historic
cityin southern Italy, the capitalof the Province of Reggio Calabriaas well as the largest and oldest city in the Calabriaregion. The city is over 2,700 years old and was previously the capital city of Calabria, until it was moved to Catanzaro, though the headquarters of the Calabrian Regional Council remains.
Founded by the Ancient Greeks as Rhegion, meaning "it breaks away", it was a well established settlement of "
Magna Graecia", later becoming part of the Roman Republicand Byzantine Empire. Reggio emerged as the capital of the Duchy of Calabria for a period until it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Sicily. It was then part of the Kingdom of Naples, later known as Two Sicilies, from 1282 to 1860, until the Italian unification.
Located on the toe of the
Italian peninsulaboot, Reggio retains a somewhat ruralfeel despite its sizable population. There are approximately 180,000 people within the city and the local population are known as "Reggians". Industry in the city revolves primarily around agriculture and the exportation of fruitsand tobacco, also as Reggio is a port city, it has a fishing industry. The beaches of the city have helped make it a popular tourist destination. [cite news|url=http://www.questia.com/library/encyclopedia/reggio_di_calabria.jsp|publisher=Questia.com|title=Reggio di Calabria|date= 8 January 2008] The municipality of Reggio Calabria contains the "frazioni" (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Catona, Gallico, Archi, Pentimele, Gallina, Mosorrofa ( _el. Messorofè), Ortì ( _el. Orthioi), Pellaro( _el. Pèllaros), Saracinello.
Reggio di Calabria is located on the toe of the
Italyboot, across from the island of Sicily. It is situated at the base of the Aspromonte, the long, craggy mountain range that runs up through the center of the region. The area has been subjected to several earthquakes and tsunamiwaves, over the centuries.
Founded as "Rhegion" by Greek settlers in
720 BC[cite book | last = Foulke | first = Robert| title =The Sea Voyage Narrative| publisher =Routledge| url =http://books.google.com/books?id=cwpdkrGMS38C&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22reggio+calabria+founded+by+chalcis+and+messenia+ca+720+bc%22&source=web&ots=odjWOYr1A0&sig=aPQjWmBlQKDqnza9D0iB5k4aIPA&hl=en| isbn = 0415938945] the city was devastated by several major earthquakesand associated tsunami. During the Roman Empireit was called Rhegium Julium as a noble Roman city. Later "Reggio di Calabria" became a Byzantine city, and in the 12th century, it became part of the Kingdom of Sicily, and then in the 13th century, it became part of the Kingdom of Naples.
Reggio Calabria is known as the location of the first dated Hebrew book, a
Rashicommentary on the Pentateuch, printed in 1475; [ "The Books of the People of the Book - Hebraic Collections" (Hebrew book with date), Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 2003-11-06, webpage: [http://www.loc.gov/rr/amed/guide/hs-books.html LibraryCongress-Hebraic] .] however, scholars consider Romeas the city where Hebrew printing began.
For Reggio di Calabria, the worst earthquakes came in 1783 and on
December 28, 1908. The latter quake was the most devastating. Some 80 percent of all buildings in Reggio collapsed and many thousands were killed. Damage was even worse in Messina across the straits. That quake remains the worst on record in modern western European history. It took Reggio a generation to fully recover.
*The National Museum of Greater Greece, housing the two famous "
Bronzi di Riace" statues.
*The Cathedral, the largest religious building in Calabria.
*The Aragonese Castle, built before 540. It is now home to art exhibitions.
Chiesa degli Ottimati" ("Church of the Optimates"), in Byzantine-Norman style.
*The walls of the ancient city, one of the few remaining examples of the original Greek walls. They are divided into four separate sections, the one one the Falcomatà Seaside dating to the 4th century BC and attributed to the city's reconstruction by
Dionysius II of Syracuse.
*"Villa Zerbi", a villa in 14th-century Venetian style. It is the seat of exhibition of the
Venice Biennalein southern Italy.
*Remains of Roman baths.
*The Town Art Gallery ("Pinacoteca Comunale") housing works by
Antonello da Messina(" Abraham Served by the Angels" and "St. Jerome in Penitence"), Mattia Preti, Luca Giordano, Giuseppe Benessaiand others.
* The church of Saint
Gaetano Catanoso(1879-1963) on via Catanoso in the Santo Spirito neighborhood. Canonized by Pope Benedict XVIon Oct. 23, 2005, St. Gaetano is the first saint from Calabria since St.Francis of Paola, who was canonized in 1507. St Gaetano was founder of the Sisters of St. Veronica of the Holy Face. His glass tomb, a magnet for miracle seekers, is in the sanctuary. Museum exhibits as well. He was beatified by Pope John Paul IIon May 4, 1997.
:"For more information, see "
*Pythagoras (5th century), sculptor
Ibycus(6th century), poet
Gaetano Catanoso(1879 – 1963), saint, priest
Umberto Boccioni(1882 – 1916), painter, sculptor
Goffredo Zehender(1901 – 1958), Grand Prix driver
Gianni Versace(1946 – 1997), fashion designer
Donatella Versace(1955 – ), fashion designer
University of Reggio Calabria
List of mayors of Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria Airport
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova
Francis of Paola
* [http://www.circolocalabrese.org Calabria's History, Culture, Language and Genealogy]
* [http://turismo.reggiocal.it Tourist Web Official Site of Reggio Calabria]
* [http://www.reggiocal.it Official Web Site of Reggio Calabria]
* [http://www.unirc.it/english The City of Reggio Calabria]
* [http://turismo.provincia.rc.it Province of Reggio Calabria]
* [http://www.calabrialiving.com/ Living in Calabria - A Guide 2008]
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