- Salta Province
name = Salta
symbol_type = Coat of arms
symbol = Escudo COA Salta province argentina.svg
coordinates_type = adm1st
lat_d = |lat_m = |lat_NS = S
long_d = |long_m = |long_EW = W
part_type = Divisions
part = 23 departments
capital = Salta
area = 155488
population = 1079051
population_as_of = 2001
population_density = 6.94
leader_type = Governor
Juan Manuel Urtubey
leader1_type = Senators
Juan Carlos Romero, Juan Perez Alsina, Sonia Escudero
free_type = Demonym
free = "Salteño"
iso_code = AR
iso_subcode = A
website = http://www.salta.gov.ar
Salta is a province of
Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. Neighboring provinces are from the east clockwise Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán and Catamarca. It also surrounds Jujuy. To the north it borders Boliviaand Paraguayand to the west lies Chile.
Before the arrival of the Spanish conquest, numerous native inhabitants currently referred to as
Diaguitas and Calchaquíes lived in the valleys of the Salta Province. These included many different tribes, such as the Quilmes and Humahuacas, all of which shared the Cacánlanguage. The Atacamas in the Puna, and the Wichís (Matacos) near the Chaco Province.
The first conquistador to adventure to the area was
Diego de Almagroin 1535, followed by Diego de Rojas. In 1582"San Felipe de Lerma" was founded by Hernando de Lermaafter orders of viceroy Francisco de Toledo, Count of Oropesa, but the name of he city was soon changed to "San Felipe de Salta" In 1650 the city had around 500 inhabitants.Within the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Platais created the intendency of "Salta del Tucumán". In 1774 "San Ramón de La Nueva Orán" is founded as a nexusbetween Saltaand Tarija, the later added to the intendency in 1807. In 1783, due to the importance of the city, the capital of the intendency of "Salta del Tucumán" is moved from Tucumánto Salta. After the battle of Saltain 1813 the territory was freed form Spain, but occasional attacks were still driven from the Viceroyalty of Peruuntil 1826. Gervasio de Posadas creates in 1814the Salta Province, covering the current provinces of Salta, Jujuy, part of the South of Boliviaand the North of the Chile.
Due to some internal conflicts after the Argentine independence, Bolivia annexed Tarija in
1826. In 1834 Jujuy separates from Salta and becomes a province of its own. In 1900 Salta loses Yacuibato Bolivia.
The National Government of Los Andes, constituted in 1902, and its capital
San Antonio de Los Cobresbecame once again part of the Salta Province in 1943as Los Andes Department and San Antonio de Los Cobres as its capital city.
Geography and climate
To the West, the Puna's arid high plains with salty lakes (Arizaro, Pocitos) has few inhabitants, and its main city is
San Antonio de los Cobres.
High snowy Andean peaks (Acay, Cachi and Chañi) lower to the North-east and hold valleys such as "Quebrada del Toro",
Valles Calchaquíesand the Lerma Valley. This is the most densely inhabited area, and where the Saltacity is found. The climate of the area is of hot summers (average of 23 °C with peaks of 40 °C) and cold winters with temperatures well below freezing point.
To the east, near the
Gran Chacoarea, the more humid subtropical climate is home to the Yungasjungle in the El Rey National Park.
The main rivers of the province are the Pilcomayo, Bermejo and the Juramento, which later becomes the Salado River. Salta Province is located at a geologically active region, and suffers from occasional
earthquakes. Fairly destructive were the ones that occurred in 1692and 1948.
Salta's economy is relatively underdeveloped, yet diverse. Its economy in 2006 was estimated at US$5.1 billion, or, US$4,760 per capita (over 45% below the national average). [ [http://www.iader.org.ar/ I.A.D.E.R ] ]
Agriculture and its derived industries are still an imporant activity in the province, adding over 10% to output.
Tobacco, sugar caneand viticultureare the most important and produce most of the exports from the area. Other crops mostly for local consumption are maize, beans, citrus, bananas, and tomatoes. The sugar cane is processed in plants in Salta before it is sent to the rest of Argentina and other countries. The plant in "San Martín de Tabacal" is the most important of them. The famous wines of the Valles Calchaquíesregion near Cafayateare produced in numerous vineyards of diverse sizes (mainly Torrontés, Malbecand Cabernet Sauvignon).
Gas and petroleum from the "Tartagal", "Aguas Blancas", "Madrejones" and "Campo Durán" centres is transported to
Buenos Airesand Rosarioby pipes. "Campo Durán" also has an oil refinery located in the province. In all, manufacturing plays a significant role in Salta, adding 20% to the economy. Mining includes sulfurextraction at the "La Casualidad" mine, and uraniumat "Iruya", "La Poma" and "San Carlos".
American breeds of
cattleare raised only on the humid sub-tropical east, along with some sheepand goats.
The Salta Province is home to a number of natural, social and historic attractions.
The city of
Salta"La Linda" ("The beautiful") is both an important tourist destination, and the centre point for visiting the rest of the province. The city holds different attractions; among them are her colonial houses and cathedral, and the "Museo de Arqueología de Alta Montaña de Salta" that holds the 3 frozen Inca mummies found at the 6,700 meters of the Llullaillacovolcano.
Also from Salta, the
Tren a las nubescrosses canyons and cliffs before arriving to the 3,775 metres (12,500 feet) of San Antonio de los Cobres. The red-rock formations of the Valles Calchaquíesand the wine-town of Cafayateare the second most visited place in the province. Many visit the Cachimountain and the villages (such as "Payogasta") around it.
There are 3 national parks in Salta:
El Rey National Parkin the Yungasjungle, Baritú National Parkand Los Cardones National Park.
The province is divided in 23 departments ( _es. departamentos).Department (Capital)
# Anta (
Joaquín Víctor González)
# Cachi (
# Cafayate (
# Capital (
# Cerrillos (Cerrillos)
# Chicoana (
# General Güemes (General Güemes)
# General San Martín (Tartagal)
# Guachipas (
# Iruya (
# La Poma (
# La Caldera (La Caldera)
# La Candelaria (La Candelaria)
# La Viña (La Viña)
# Los Andes (
San Antonio de los Cobres)
# Metán (
San José de Metán)
# Molinos (Molinos)
# Orán (
San Ramón de la Nueva Orán)
# Rivadavia (Rivadavia)
# Rosario de la Frontera (
Rosario de la Frontera)
# Rosario de Lerma (
Rosario de Lerma)
# San Carlos (San Carlos)
# Santa Victoria (Santa Victoria)
1948 Salta earthquake
* [http://www.salta.gov.ar Official Page] (Spanish)
* [http://www.turismosalta.gov.ar Tourist Secretary] (Spanish)
* [http://www.saltaargentina.com.ar Salta] (Spanish)
* [http://www.nuevodiariodesalta.com.ar Nuevo Diario de Salta] (Spanish)
* [http://www.unsa.edu.ar Universidad Nacional de Salta] (Spanish)
* [http://www.welcomesalta.com.ar Welcome Salta]
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