Eristic, from the ancient Greek word Eris meaning "wrangle" or "strife", often refers to a type of
dialogueor argumentwhere the participants do not have any reasonable goal. The aim is to win the argument, not to potentially discover a true or probable answer to any specific question or topic. Eristic dialogue is arguing for the sake of conflict, fighting, and seeing who can yell the loudest.
Different from Plato,
Schopenhauerconsiders that only logic pursues truth. For him, dialectic, sophistryand eristichave no objective truth in view, but only the appearance of it, and pay no regard to truth itself because it aims at victory. He names these three last methods as "eristic dialectic" [ [http://coolhaus.de/art-of-controversy/eristii.htm Controversial Dialectic] on CoolHaus.de accessed at January 19 2008]
Schopenhauer[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eristische_Dialektik Eristic Dialectic] is mainly concerned to tabulate and analyze dishonest stratagems [In his Dialectica Eristica Schopenhauer presents 38 eristic stratagems] , in order that in a real debate they may be at once recognized and defeated. It is for this very reason that Eristic Dialectic must admittedly take victory, and not objective truth, for its aim and purpose.
Argumentation theoryis a field of study that asks critical questions about eristic arguments and the other types of dialogue.
Schopenhauer, Arthur. Eristische Dialektik,1830.
* Arthur Schopenhauer's Eristische Dialektik:
** [http://coolhaus.de/art-of-controversy/ German and English version of Eristische Dialektik]
** [http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/?id=5&xid=2517&kapitel=1 German version of Eristische Dialektik]
The Art of Being Right
* [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eristische_Dialektik Eristische Dialektik]
* Eris (mythology)
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