Kalush, Ukraine

Kalush, Ukraine

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Kalush
native_name = Калуш
nickname =

imagesize =
image_caption =

image_shield = KalushCOA.jpg
nickname =
motto =

mapsize =
map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name =Ukraine
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
established_title =
established_date =
established_title1 =
established_date1 =
leader_title =
leader_name =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 65|area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
population_as_of =
population_note =
population_total = 63800|population_footnotes=
population_metro =| population_density_km2 = 1052.02

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Kalush, Ukraine
pushpin_mapsize =
elevation_m =
postal_code =
area_code = +380 3472
blank_info =
blank1_info = Dolyna|blank1_name=Sister cities
website = http://kalush.net
footnotes =

Kalush ( _uk. Калуш, _pl. Kałusz, Yiddish קאַלוש, translit. "Kalush" or "Kalish") is a city set in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is a separate municipality subordinate to the oblast, as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Kalusky Raion (district). The current estimated population is around 63,800 (as of 2004).

Important local industries include food processing, clothing manufacture, chemicals, handicrafts, woodcarving, and concrete.


The earliest known mention of Kalush is the accounting of a settlement of that name in a Halychyna chronicle dated May 27, 1437. Incorporated as a city in 1939, the city was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary and Second Polish Republic. In 1940, the Soviets forced Polish inhabitants of Kalush to leave the town and forcefully moved them to Siberia, where most of the Poles died. Then, in late 1941 and 1942, Jewish inhabitants of Kalush were murdered by the Germans.

Since the 16th Century, a Jewish community has flourished in the city; however, in 1941, while under Nazi control, that community was virtually eliminated.

Notable Residents

*Stepan Bandera
*August Aleksander Czartoryski
*Jakub Sobieski
*Jan "Sobiepan" Zamoyski
*Tomasz Zamoyski

ister Cities

External links

* [http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/Kalush/ Pre-WWII Jewish History in Kalush]
* [http://kalush.net/ Helpful Kalush website]

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