Fire Island (Anchorage, Alaska)

Fire Island (Anchorage, Alaska)

Fire Island is a convert|5.5|mi|km|sing=on long island in the U.S. state of Alaska, located near the head of Cook Inlet at coor dms|61|09|34|N|150|11|55|W|region:US. It is the only island in the Municipality of Anchorage, sitting three miles (5 km) off the city's Point Campbell, and nine miles (14.5 km) from downtown. Its land area is 17.467 km² (6.7439 sq mi, or 4,316.1 acres), and there was no permanent resident population at the 2000 census.

The island's Dena’ina name is "Nutuł’iy", or "object that stands in the water". George Vancouver called it "Turnagain Island" in 1794, after Turnagain Arm, which the southeast side of the island faces. The Russian Hydrographic Department's Chart 1378, published in 1847, called it "Ostrov Mushukhli" (Mushukhli Island), possibly an approximation of "Nutuł’iy". "Fire Island" had become established by 1895, when that name was published by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.

Fire Island was the site of Dena’ina fish camps until the 1970s. A Dena’ina elder reported that a village had once existed as well, but an epidemic forced the survivors to move to Point Possession on the Kenai Peninsula sometime before 1934. During World War II, the U.S. Army used it as an observation point to guard against Japanese submarines.

In September 1951, the U.S. Air Force 626th Airborne Control and Warning Squadron was established on the island at a base on its southern end called Fire Island AFS. Staffed by about 200 personnel, the base was an air defense radar center and Nike surface-to-air missile site for NORAD, doubling as a Federal Aviation Administration air traffic control radar and communications site. Since the island is not connected to the mainland, all supplies came by helicopter from Elmendorf Air Force Base and, during summer, by barge from Anchorage.

Fire Island AFS closed in 1969, leaving the FAA as the sole user of the island. The FAA site stayed open until 1980, when new Kenai-based radar became active. The base site was cleaned up in the 1990s, and the facilities razed. Fire Island is now owned by Cook Inlet Region, Inc., with access by permission only. Various uses have been suggested for the island since its abandonment, including an expansion of the Port of Anchorage, a replacement for Anchorage International Airport, and a wind generator farm.

Currently Chugach Electric has plans to install 24 windmills with a total combined output of 36Mw. These plans are tenative until engineers can be certain that installation of these will not result in the disruption of local airport radio signals. The main concerns are with RADAR and VOR disruption.


*cite book | last=Kari | first=James | coauthors=James A. Fall | title=Shem Pete's Alaska: The Territory of the Upper Cook Inlet Dena'ina | publisher=University of Alaska Press | year=2003 | edition=2nd ed. | pages=339 | id=ISBN 1-889963-57-7
*cite web | url=,+AK%22&key=FireIslandAFSAK&pic=FireIslandAFSAK&doc=FireIslandAFSAK | title=Information for Fire Island AFS, AK | | accessdate=2006-06-23
*cite news | last=McDonnough | first=Stan | url= | title=Those lights are a year away | work=Airman | date=April 1967 | accessdate=2006-06-23
*cite news | url= | title=AC&W closing stirs fond (?) memories | work=Air Force Times | date=1969-05-28 | accessdate=2006-06-23
*cite web | url= | title=Fire Island Wind Project | first=Steve | last=Gilbert | publisher=Alaska State Chamber of Commerce | date=2005-07-05 | accessdate=2006-06-23
*cite news | url= | title=Airport radar tilts with Fire Island windmills | work= Anchorage Daily News | date=2006-08-21 | accessdate=2006-08-27
* [$10000US020200023011052&-geo_id=100$10000US020200023011053&-geo_id=100$10000US020200023011054&-geo_id=100$10000US020200023011055&-search_results=100$10000US022010001003999&-format=&-_lang=en&-show_geoid=Y Fire Island: Blocks 1052 thru 1055, Census Tract 23.01, Anchorage Municipality, Alaska] United States Census Bureau

External links

* [ ALSAP - Fire Island AFS]
* [ Outlook Alaska - Fire Island]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fire Island (disambiguation) — Fire Island may refer to: In New York * Fire Island, New York, a 32 mi.long barrier island far off the southern shore of Long Island, New York * West Fire Island, a smaller island with only about five houses in the Great South Bay north of Fire… …   Wikipedia

  • Anchorage, Alaska — Anchorage redirects here. For other uses, see Anchorage (disambiguation). Anchorage   Unified Borough and City   Municipality of Anchorage …   Wikipedia

  • Fire Island, Alaska — There are three islands named Fire Island in the U.S. state of Alaska.Different IslandsIn the Kashevarof PassageOne is convert|0.1|mi|km long (160 m) and located in Kashevarof Passage, off the north coast of Prince of Wales Island, at… …   Wikipedia

  • Alaska Airlines — IATA AS ICAO ASA Callsign ALASKA …   Wikipedia

  • Alaska Public Safety Commissioner dismissal — The Alaska Public Safety Commissioner dismissal, also known as Troopergate,[1] involves the July 2008 dismissal of the Public Safety Commissioner for the State of Alaska by Governor Sarah Palin. On October 10, 2008, the twelve member Alaska… …   Wikipedia

  • Alaska Baseball League — The Alaska Baseball League (ABL) is an amateur summer baseball league, with six teams located in four Alaskan cities. Most players are from the college baseball ranks. The famous Midnight Sun Game, held in Fairbanks on the longest day of each… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Alaska — Alaska history redirects here. For the academic journal, see Alaska History (journal). For a topical guide to this subject, see Historical outline of Alaska. Alaska in 1895 (Rand McNally). The boundary of southeastern Alaska shown is that claimed …   Wikipedia

  • Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport — IATA: ANC – ICAO: PANC – FAA LID: ANC …   Wikipedia

  • Eagle River (Anchorage) — Eagle River is a community within the Municipality of Anchorage situated on the Eagle River for which it is named, between Fort Richardson and Chugach State Park in the Chugach Mountains. Its ZIP code is 99577. If Eagle River were not part of the …   Wikipedia

  • Middleton Island Air Force Station — Part of Alaskan Air Command (AAC) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”