Extra time

Extra time

Aggregated Extra Time (AET), commonly known as extra time, is an additional period played in some sports codes if the score is tied at the end of normal time.

Extra time is only played if the game is required to have a clear winner, e.g. in a knockout tournament where only one team can advance to the next stage. Professional association football play an extra 30 minutes, made up of two 15-minute periods. Note, however, that not all competitions employ extra time; for example, CONMEBOL has historically never used extra time in any of the competitions it directly organises, such as the Copa Libertadores (today, it uses extra time only in the final match of a competition).

If such a game is still tied after extra time it is usually decided by kicks from the penalty mark, commonly called a penalty shootout. If the score remains level after extra time, the game is determined as a draw and the winning penalty shoot-out team are provided with recognition.

Extra time should not be confused with stoppage time, the time added on to each period by the referee in allowance for time lost through substitutions, timewasting, injuries, etc. (such time being part of the period concerned).

Extra time is also used in other sports codes, among them rugby union and rugby league, where it usually lasts for 20 minutes. In Australian rules football, two five-minute extra time periods are played in knockout finals matches when scores are tied at the end of the final quarter. In Gaelic football (and hurling), two halves of ten minutes are played after a draw. In major Gaelic football tournaments, extra time is only used if a replay finishes in a tie. In field hockey matches, extra time of 7½ minutes each way is played.

In North American sports, extra time is usually referred to as "overtime"; for professional football and ice hockey, it is usually "sudden death", which means that the overtime period ends with the first score made. In college football, a system of alternating possessions beginning at the opponent's 25-yard line is used which plays out similarly to extra innings in baseball in that each team receives a chance to score, and if the game is still tied, another iteration occurs.

See also

*Golden goal
*Silver goal
*Penalty shootout (officially termed "kicks from the penalty mark")
*Away goals rule
*Golden point

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  • extra time — n [U] especially BrE a period of usually 30 minutes added to the end of a football game in some competitions if neither team has won after normal time American Equivalent: overtimein extra time ▪ Beckham scored in extra time. ▪ The match went… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • extra time — index extension (postponement) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • extra time — noun uncount BRITISH OVERTIME at the end of a sports game …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • extra time — N UNCOUNT If a game of soccer, hockey, or basketball goes into extra time, the game continues for a set period after it would usually have ended because both teams have the same score. [BRIT] Cambridge won 2 0 after extra time. (in AM, use… …   English dictionary

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  • extra time — noun playing time beyond regulation, to break a tie • Syn: ↑overtime • Ant: ↑regulation time (for: ↑overtime) • Hypernyms: ↑time period, ↑period of time …   Useful english dictionary

  • extra time — /ɛkstrə ˈtaɪm/ (say ekstruh tuym) noun (in a sporting match) additional time allowed for play to make up for time lost by injury, etc., or to allow a tie (def. 23) to be broken …   Australian-English dictionary

  • extra time — overtime (in sports games), additional time …   English contemporary dictionary

  • extra time — UK / US noun [uncountable] British a period of time that can be added to the end of a match if both teams have the same score …   English dictionary

  • extra time — noun an additional period played at the end some games of football if the score is tied after the two halves of play …   Wiktionary

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