- Radio Havana Cuba
name = Radio Havana Cuba
country = CUB
available = International
Government of Cuba
key_people = "Luis López López" (General Director), "Pedro Otero Cabañas" (Chief Editor)
May 1, 1961
website = http://www.rhc.cu/|
Radio Havana Cuba (Spanish: "Radio Habana Cuba", RHC) is the official government-run
international broadcastingstation of Cuba. It can be heard in many parts of the world including The United States on shortwave at 6.000 MHz and other frequencies. Radio Havana, along with Radio Rebelde, Cubavision Television and other Cuban Radio and Television broadcasts to Europe, North America, Central and South America via free-to-air satellite from the Hispanisat satellite over the Atlantic Ocean. [http://www.radiohc.cu/espanol/frecuencia/frecuencias-espanol.htm HORARIOS,BANDAS Y FRECUENCIAS] ]
Early History (1960s-1980s)
Although RHC was officially inaugurated in May, 1961, the idea of an international Cuban radio station was born in the
Sierra Maestramountains during the final stage of the fight against Fulgencio Batista. After the creation of Radio Rebeldeby Ernesto 'Che' Guevarain February, 1958, the leadership of the guerrilla movement began to analyze the possibility of creating a radio station after achieving final victory. This station would be able to communicate news about the Cuban Revolutionto countries around the world.
Cold War, RHC relayed propagandabroadcasts from North Vietnamand North Korea, and the USSR, as well as its original programming. It was not clear where the broadcasts "relayed" from North Vietnam actually originated. In the 1960s, Radio Havana Cuba broadcast " Radio Free Dixie" aimed at African-Americans struggling against segregation and Jim Crow in the southern United States.
At times in the 1980s, in order to protest the Reagan administration's Cuba
policyand its instigation of the anti-Castro Radio Martíprogram from the Voice of America, Radio Habana Cuba broadcast briefly on mediumwavefrequencies at a greatly boosted power allowing the station to be heard on American AM radios and overwhelming local American AM stations broadcasting on that frequency, including clear channelstation WHO in Des Moines, Iowaon 1040 kHz. RHC no longer transmits on medium waves (see schedule at RHC's Web site), even though Radio Martí still transmits from the United States to Cuba on 1180 kHz.
Havana's Avenida Infanta, the offices of Radio Havana Cuba share a facility with two other renowned national stations that have contributed greatly to the history of Cuban radio broadcasting: Radio Progresoand CMBF, Radio Musical Nacional. Currently, RHC broadcasts in nine languages: Spanish, English, French, Portuguese, Arabic, Quechua, Guarani, Creole and Esperanto, 24 hours a day, with a varied programming that includes news, music and features. RHC's English-language broadcasts are heavily centered on the U.S.A and feature news items that uniformly adversely reflect upon the U.S. government and the current administration, especially its foreign policies.
In 2004, RHC and related mediumwave transmitters, such as
Radio Rebelde, broadcast speeches by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávezas well as Castro.
RHC was off the air temporarily in late August 2004 due to damage caused by
The station broadcasts Cuban popular music frequently, as well as radio hobbyist tips from announcer
Arnie Coro. Another popular announcer was Keith Perron in the early 1990's who went on to work for China Radio International.
Code number, or '
numbers stations' have been linked to RHC radio transmissions equipment. In these shortwave transmissions, a series of seemingly meaningless numbers are read out over the air, either in English or Spanish. These audible transmission of numbers are believed to be one-time coded messages to espionage agents residing in the targeted country. Numbers stationmonitors have noted that on occasion RHC interval signals have been heard at the beginning or end of intelligence-related transmissions.
interval signalis "La Marcha del 26 de Julio" (The 26th of July March), written by Agustín Díaz Cartaya.
RHC Output (1950–1996)
For a comparison of RHC to other broadcasters see
* [http://www.miaminewtimes.com/2001-02-08/news/espionage-is-in-the-air/ Espionage Is In The Air]
* [http://www.rhc.cu/ Radio Habana Cuba online] es icon en icon fr icon pt icon
* [http://www.radiohc.org/ Unofficial Website with recordings and (outdated) schedules] es icon en icon fr icon pt icon
* [http://www.cmbfjazz.cu/] CMBF Web site
* [http://www.radiociudad.islagrande.cu/ Radio Ciudad de La Habana]
* [http://www.radiociudad.islagrande.cu/directorio_radio.html Directorio de la Radio Cubana]
* [http://www.radiocubana.cu/directorio_radio_cubana.asp Directorio de Radio Cubana en Internet]
* [http://dxradio.50webs.com SWDXER] ¨The SWDXER¨ - with general SWL information and radio antenna tips.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.