name = "Palorchestes"
fossil_range = Miocene to Pleistocene
regnum = Animalia

phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
infraclassis = Marsupiala
subordo = Diprotodontia
familia = Palorchestidae
genus = "Palorchestes"
species = "P. painei""P. azael"
binomial = "Palorchestes azael"

"Palorchestes azael" ("ancient leaper") is an extinct species of marsupial.

It was a 2'50 m (8 ft 4 in) long creature that resembled a tapir, possessing a short proboscis (based on the appearance of its nasal bones). "Palorchestes" front legs bore large claws, probably used to pull down leaves.

"Palorchestes azael" was a marsupial species that appeared during the Miocene, and went extinct about 40,000 years ago. This creature has been called the "marsupial tapir" because of its long nose. However, "Palorchestes" was not a tapir. The similarity in nose shape is an example of convergent evolution.

"Palorchestes azael" was almost as large as a horse. It had claws like those of koalas. The tongue of "Palorchestes azael" was long and ribbon-like. It walked on four powerful legs. This creature was an herbivore. It is thought to have fed in these ways: pulling up bushes and eating the rootsstripping the bark from trees and eating the soft inner part of the trunk.

Fossilized remains of "Palorchestes azael" have been found at the Naracoorte Caves fossil site in Australia.

The generic name was coined by Sir Richard Owen, who first found what he thought was the fragmentary jaw of a prehistoric kangaroo. It was not until more postcranial elements were found did anyone realize that "Palorchestes" was actually a diprodontid, and not a kangaroo. [Long, J., Archer, M., Flannery, T., and Hand, S. J. (2002) Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. Kensington: University of New South Wales. (pg 100)]


*Barry Cox, Colin Harrison, R.J.G. Savage, and Brian Gardiner. (1999): The Simon & Schuster Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Creatures: A Visual Who's Who of Prehistoric Life. Simon & Schuster.

External links

* image

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palorchestes — azeal (Rekonstruktion) Zeitraum Spätes Miozän bis spätes Pleistozän ca. 10 Mio. Jahre bis ca. 50.000 Jahre Fundorte Australien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palorchestes — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Palorchestes Rango fósil: Mioceno a Pleistoceno …   Wikipedia Español

  • Palorchestidae — Palorchestes sp …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Палорхест — ? † Палорхест Палорхест (реконструк …   Википедия

  • Мегафауна Австралии — (англ. Australian megafauna)  ряд крупных видов животных в Австралии, чья масса тела превышает 30 кг, либо их масса тела равна или больше на 30 % массы тела ближайших их родственников, существующих на планете. Многие из этих видов… …   Википедия

  • Anexo:Mamíferos prehistóricos — La siguiente es una lista incompleta de mamíferos prehistóricos. No incluye los mámiferos existentes, ni los mamíferos extintos recientemente. Para las especies de primate extintas ver: lista de primates fósiles. Contenido 1 Mamaliformes 1.1… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bunyip — This article is about a mythical creature. There is also a town called Bunyip, Victoria Infobox Paranormalcreatures Creature Name = Bunyip Image Caption = Bunyip (1935) Artist Unknown, from the National Library of Australia digital collections.… …   Wikipedia

  • Dragon — This article is about the legendary creature. For other uses, see Dragon (disambiguation). The Ljubljana Dragon in Ljubljana …   Wikipedia

  • Proboscis — In general, a proboscis (from Greek προ, pro before and βοσκειν, boskein to feed also known as probiscus) is an elongated appendage from the head of an animal cite web | url = http://www.merriam | title =… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian megafauna — is a term used to describe a number of comparatively large animal species in Australia, often defined as species with body mass estimates of greater than 30 kilograms, or equal to or greater than 30% greater body mass than their closest living… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”